During the process of glycolysis 2ATP are used to do what?
4ATP molecules are?
A net gain of 2ATP are?
2NAD+ molecules gain an electron in the form of hydrogen to produce what?
Glucose+2NAD+ +2ADP-->pyruvic acid+2NADH+2ATP
what is the chemical equation for glycolysis?
releases energy in food molecules in the absence of oxygen
What does fermentation do?
does not require oxygen
What does Anaerobic mean?
Fermentation regenerates NAD+ so glycolysis can continue to produce what?
Alcohol and lactic acid
What are two types of fermentation?
Yeast and a few other microorganism use this type. Important part of bread baking.
What is Alcohol fermentation?
Occurs in many cells including humans. Lactic acid builds up in your muscle cells during exercise causes sore.
What is lactic acid fermentation?
Without NAD+ the cell cannot keep glycolysis going and ATP production would stop. Therefore NAD+ needs to be replenished. Lactic acid fermentation takes place to replenish NAD+ so that glycolysis can continue.