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The table of codons (3 letters on an mRNA molecule) that indicates which codons code for which amino acids.
The strand of DNA that is replicated by DNA polymerase in short sections called Okazaki fragments which are then joined by ligase.
The enzyme that joins Okazaki fragments on the lagging strand to create a continuous strand of replicated DNA.
Contains a phosphate, a nitrogen base (A, T (U), C, G) and a sugar (deoxyribose or ribose). Use for DNA replication or transcription (RNA formation).
Short pieces of DNA formed by DNA polymerases on the lagging strand of DNA during replication.
The copying of DNA for cell division. (Going from a monovalent to a bivalent chromosome.)
The inducer molecule for the Lac Operon that causes the repressor (the roadblock) to fall off the DNA.
A series of genes in an E.Coli bacteria that code for proteins that digest lactose. These genes can be turned on or off.
The place on the Lac Operon where the repressor (the roadblock) sits and prevents RNA polymerase from continuing. (A.k.a. The On/Off Switch)
The roadblock for genes that can be turned on/off like the Lac Operon. The repressor sits on the Operator.
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