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McGraw Hill My Math Grade 5 Chapter 2 Multiply Whole Numbers
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Terms in this set (13)
prime number
a whole number with exactly two (2) factors- 1 and itself
example: 3 or 7 or 29
composite number
a whole number with more than two factors
example: 4- 1,2,4 are its factors; 15- 1,3,3,15 are its factors
factor
a number multiplied by another number to get a product
base
the number in a power that gets multiplied by itself
exponent
raised number that tells you how many times to repeat multply the base to get a product
prime factorization
a way of expressing a composite number as a product of its prime factors
squared
a base number with an exponent of 2
cubed
a base number with an exponent of 3
powers of 10
examples: 10, 100, 1000, 10000
partial product
in multiplication, breaking down the problem into seperate products; example: 3x64= (3x60) + (3x4) =180+12= 192
distributive property
using partial products to solve a multiplication problem
compatible numbers
numbers that are easy to compute mentally
product
the answer to a multiplication problem
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