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119 terms

THE 101 Midterm- Foster

Missouris State University
STUDY
PLAY
1. The Greek term for the "carrier of the action" in a tragedy is
Protagonist
The purging or cleansing of the audience's pity and terror at the climax of a tragedy
Catharsis
In play construction the single action that initiates the major conflict of the play si called the
Inciting Incident
4. Which element describes the play's use of rhythm and sounds, either by way of instrumental composition or the orchestration of such noises as muffled drumbeats, gunshots, special effects, and vocal tones?
Music
The practice of dividing plays genre is
always subjective because each play is unique
In a greek play the lead character that moves the action forward is opposed to a figure called the antagonist
true
In greek tragedy the central character
Undergoes a change that leads to his or her demise
Which of the following does not describe the character of a tragic hero
Allows the gods to decide his fate
9. Which element of drama refers not only to the pronunciation of spoken dialogue but also to the literary nature of the play's text, including its tone, imagery, articulation, and use of such literary forms as verse, rhyme, metaphor, jest, apostrophe, and epigram?
Diction
Theater is a thing, not an event
False
11. According to Eric Bentley, farce allows us to experience social taboos (i.e. violence without harm or brutality without reprisal) without consequence.
Farce
12. Which dramatic genre purports to be serious but, in fact, deals with human issues on only the most superficial level, embellished with spectacular staging, flamboyant dialogue, and highly suspenseful and contrived plotting?
Melodrama
The Greek philosopher Sophicles wrote the poetics in 335 BC
False
The audience is not a part of the definition of conventions of a theatre
false
Match the following parallels between theatre and life
Actors-Humanity
B. REHEARSAL- LEARNING
C. STAGE- WORLD
D. SIMULATION- REALITY
E. IMPROVISATION- SPONTANEITY
F. AUDIENCES- SOCIETY
The theaters audiences are co-creators of the theatrical event
True
The word theatre comes from the greek theatron which means
Seeing Place
18. Adult plays and children's games share the ability to help develop means of coping with life's challenges and uncertainties.
True
Which of the following is the lease correct regarding the meaning of the theatre
A paradox
The english word for person comes from the latin word
Mask
How does a theatrical performance differ from a video or a filmed performance
A. THE THEATRICAL PERFORMANCE IS LIVE, WITH THE AUDIENCE AND PERFORMERS, WHO ARE AWARE OF EACH OTHER AND MUTUALLY INTERACT IN THEIR SHARED PRESENCE.
22. Like viewers of television drama and movie-house films, theatre audiences assume an essentially one-on-one relationship with what is being viewed and do not communicate with other viewers.
False
23. Although the names and allocations of craft functions such as directing, producing, designing, and stage managing have changed over the course of the theatre's history, the functions themselves have remained fairly constant.
True
24. Although films are recorded, we perceive them as having a greater immediacy than theatre due to the fact that plays are rehearsed and repeated
False
25. While both theatre and sport are public spectacles, theatre differs from sports activities because
Theatre has a pre ordained ending
Representational performance is similar to stand up comedy
false
27. Theatre performances can elicit the audience's participation by arousing the audience the feeling of empathy
True
Drama comes from the greek dran which means
to do
29. The advantages of live performance include its two-way communication between audience and actors, unification of group responses, and live immediacy which makes every show novel and different.
True
30. Beginning with the most important, order the components of a play as listed by Aristotle as identified in the textbook.
A. PLOT, CHARACTER. THEME, DICTION, MUSIC, SPECTACLE
31. The distinctive feature of theatre, which separates it from other arts, is that theatre employs
IMPERSONATION
Which of the following is true of the relationship between the play script and the performance
A. THE SCRIPT IS A SILHOUETTE OR OUTLINE OF THE PLAY ITSELF, WHICH FULLY EXISTS IN PERFORMANCE ONLY
IN THE ANCIENT Greek theatre what physical and symbolic element separated the actors from the audience
The actors wore masks
34. Which of the following is generally true about the differences between tragedy and comedy?
A. TRAGEDY TYPICALLY DEALS WITH GREAT PEOPLE, WHEREAS COMEDY DEALS WITH ORDINARY PEOPLE.
35. Which dramatic genre offers a wild, hilarious treatment of a trivial theme, usually based on a stock component like identical twins, switched identities, lovers in closets, and might include full-stage chases, misheard instructions, various disrobings, discoveries, and disappearances
Farce
A central character in any type of drama is called the tragic hero
false
37. The agreement between the audience and the actor, which includes a whole set of tacit understandings that form the context of playwatching, is called
Convention
The element of ___ refers to the visual aspects of the stage
Spectacle
1. When a playwright has managed to make every scene, incident, character, and word deliver an impact, he or she has satisfied the dramatic demand for
Intensity
A linear plot proceeds by
A. THE POINT-TO-POINT STORYTELLING OF EVENTS LINKED IN CHRONOLOGICAL, CAUSE-EFFECT CONTINUITY.
3. This playwright speaks of "two selves, the public and private self, the worlds that people juggle a lot of time just from being out there in the world," and whose works, such as Wrecks, reflect this statement.
Neil Labute
There is a set formula for playwriting
false
Playwright refers to
A person who constructs and composes a play as a wheelwright makes a wheel
6. According to the lecture there are seven qualities of a fine play. __________ is defined as the staged world being internally consistent and compelling
Credibility and Intrigue
One difference between the playwright in shakespeare's time and the contemporary playwright is that
A. THE PLAYWRIGHT NO LONGER FUNCTIONS AS A DIRECTOR BUT IS NOW CONSIDERED AN INDEPENDENT ARTIST.
8. A play that deals with an issue of serious and lasting significance in humanity's spiritual or intellectual life beyond the mere attempt to imitate profundity is said to possess
gravity
9. Which of the following is the most accurate statement of the audience's response to the drama?
A. INTRIGUE DRAWS US INTO THE WORLD OF THE PLAY; CREDIBILITY KEEPS US THERE.
10. According to the lecture there are seven qualities of a fine play. _______, is defined as relevance of theme to concerns of audience and current events
Gravity and pertinence
11. Which New York-born, Louisiana-raised, playwright (b. 1956) wrote a masterpiece of modern drama, Angels in America, which deals with the AIDS crisis, sexuality, gender, and politics?
Tony Kushner
Information about antecedent action is called
Exposition
All of the following are signs of good characterization except
A. THE CHARACTER APPEARS AS A PAWN IN THE PLAYWRIGHT'S GRAND DESIGN AND EXISTS ONLY TO SYMBOLIZE SOMETHING.
14. The playwright's skill at condensing a story that may span many days or years of chronological time into a theatrical time frame is called
Compresstion
The quality of a play that creates suspend by making us wonder what will happen next is called curiosity
False
The alienation effect exemplifies the work of the playwright
Bertolt Brecht
Match the playwright to the proper play
A. PAULA VOGEL- HOW I LEARNED TO DRIVE
B. LORRAINE HANSBERRY- A RAISIN IN THE SUN
C. AUGUST WILSON- MA RANEY'S BLACK BOTTOM
D. DAVID HENRY HWANG- BUTTERFLY
E. NILO CRUZ- ANNA IN THE TROPICS
F. LYNN NOTTAGE- RUINED
G. DAVID MARNET- GLENGARRY GLEN ROSS
H. TONY KUSHNER- ANGELS IN AMERICA
Practical Aesthetics is a form of actor training by
David Marnet and William H Macy
Which two writers best exemplify the range of difference between external and internal approaches to assuming the character
Diderot and Stanislavasky
The major psychological component of the actors instrument is the unconscious
false
The mid twentieth century saw an emphasis on reality and inter emotion life in the theatre
True
In his first published work Stanislavasky states that the prime task of the actors is to create the
Inner life of the character
Discipline refers to the strictness and decorum with which the actor converses with the director
Falsw
The type of performing that asks the actor to enter the mind of the character being played is
Representational Acting
25. The three major stages of the "actor's routine" are acquiring an agent, rehearsing a role, and performing a role.
False
The method
A. AN AMERICAN ACTING STYLE DERIVED FROM THE RUSSIAN ACTOR-DIRECTOR KONSTANTIN STANISLAVSKY'S SELF-PROCLAIMED SYSTEM
27. Who maintained that the actor should be "an unmoved and disinterested onlooker" and imitate emotion rather than feel it?
Denis Diderot
28. Konstantin Stanislavsky, founder of the Moscow Art Theatre (1898), said "You must live the life of your character on stage." Which style of acting does this statement describe most closely
The representational mode of acting
The actors instrument is his or her
self
funndamental notions of acting
representational and presentational
Great acting must transient mere technique or training and elevate into something higher
true
An expressive voice and a solid education in literature are the two components of gaining an actors insturment
false
Viewpoints is a form of acting created by
Mart Overlie and Ann Bogart
According to the lecture there are 7 qualities of a fine play. __________ is defined as the condensation of story, consolidation of event, and uniqueness of moments.
Compression, Economy, and intensity
35. Which playwright demonstrates a commitment to issues global human rights, as shown in Ruined?
Lynn Nottage
36. Which playwright has branched out into writing librettos and adaptations of musicals for shows such as Aida andTarzan?
David Hwang
37. According to the lecture there are seven qualities of a fine play. __________ is defined as words and actions having maximum impact when staged.
Stageability speakability and flow
2 fundamental tools a playwright works with
Dialogue and physcal action
A play attains finished form only in performance
true
40. Which of the following does the director NOT typically look for in an audition?
A. PERSONAL HISTORY THAT EXACTLY MATCHES THAT OF THE CHARACTER
41. Which faculty keeps the actor within established bounds and at the same time ensures artistic agility?
Discipline
As a response against Stanislavsky's realism, the director Vsevolod Meyerhold evolved a theatre of "biomechanical constructivism" in Moscow.
True
How did the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries' emphasis on rationalism influence the director's role?
The demand for historical accuracy required the director to conduct comprehensive research, organization, and coordination.
Which statement best describes the end of the directors involvement with the play
The director may still change aspects of the play during previews or the run, but primarily has given over responsibility to the audience.
A director should possess all of the following except
a capable voice and an athletic physique, both which comprise the actor's instrument.
Which person is responsible for the financial support of the production and, working closely with the director, also contributes to many "directorial" decisions in the production process?
Producer
A great directorial concept has the qualities of being generalized, well-established by tradition, intellectually relaxing, designer-oriented, and readily apparent.
False
This historic phase of the director passed on knowledge of "correct" technique.
Teacher-Director
As i traverse the stage in a direction away from the audience I am traveling ___
upstage
This directors assistant is responsible for compiling the prompt book
Stage Manager
Which does not seek in a designer director collaboration
Financial independence
The "preplanned approach" is where the director and the actors work together to develop the movements and actions of the play.
false
The rhythm of a production sometimes confused with the speed to the actors delivery is called
pace
What is meant by the concept of a play
Directors central idea which focuses on his or her interpretation
A producer may be an individual, such as an artistic director, or a partnership of individuals, such as a committee.
true
he initial shows where a director can evaluate the production in terms of audience response and institute new changes are known as
previews
Which of the following tasks belong to the director
conceptualizing the play and giving it vision and purpose
The director's work with the designers is generally suggestive and corrective, rather than overtly controlling.
True
The timing and placement of a character's entrances, exits, crosses, embraces, and other major movements is called
blocking
Which of the following is true of stylizing directors?
They are unrestrained by rigid formulas with respect to verisimilitude or realistic behavior.
mall-scale movement on the stage, which an actor performs within the larger pattern of entrances and exits, is called
business
Romes greatest contribution to the theatre was
their architecture of the theatre space
The most comprehensive and detailed theatrical treatise of the ancient world, detailing analyses of dramatic texts, the theatre building, acting, staging, music, and even theatre-company organization, is
the Sanskrit Natyasastra, or "treatise on theatre"
The primary foundations of theatre are ritual and dancing
false
Which of the following can not be said of shakespeare
He wrote only for the court of Elizabeth I
The work of Shakespeare and Ben Jonson in England and Machiavelli and commedia dell'arte in Italy are all examples of Renaissance theatre.
True
Which of the following is true of theatre in Asia
A diverse tradition exists in asian theatre
Performers in chinese opera are adept at singing, speech, acting, and acrbatics
true
The central creed of the romantic theatre was
compassion
Dithyrambos was
an ancient, drunken, dance-chant fertility ritual that celebrated the birth of the wine god.
The renaissance was characterized by which of the following
A renewed interest in classical civilization
Which drama, whose name means "storyplay," originated in rural villages in the province of Kerala in the seventeenth century and is based on any of thousands of stories from two great Indian epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata?
Kathakali
Which of the following is not true of the greek chorus
it offered individual the opportunity to voice personal opinions
Kabuki is mianly a directors theatre
false
Plays of the royal theatre era are characterized by
rational sensibilities
The royal era was characterized by the aristocracy support of the public theaters such as the globe theatre
false
A theatrical mansion is
a temporarily crafted stage piece that was set up in a public square and then moved about from day to day.
Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides are the three masters of Greek tragedy.
Answer
true
Ancient Egypt's Abydos Passion Play and other texts of that time employed plot elements that indicate they derived from even more ancient
ritualized reenactments of the coming of spring and celebration of rebirth.
In Mandarin, Chinese Opera is called xiqu, which means
tuneful theatre
The ancient Greek god of fertility, wine, agriculture, and sexuality was
Dionysus