Strengths- ensures that clinicians will cover the same kind of important issues in all of their interviews and enables them to compare the responses of different individuals.
Weaknesses- lack validity. Individuals may intentionally mislead, or avoid discussing embarrassing topics. Interviewers may slant information they gather.
Similarly, a clinicians race, gender, and age biases, may influence a clients response.
2. Unstructured ones
Strengths- lack of structure allows the interviewer to follow leads and explore relevant topics that could not be anticipated before the interview.
Weaknesses-Individuals may intentionally mislead, or avoid discussing embarrassing topics. Interviewers may slant information they gather. May lack reliability. Similarly, a clinicians race, gender, and age biases, may influence a clients response.
MMPI( also known as the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory)- consists of more than 500 self-statements, to be labeled true, false, or cannot say. Altogether the staements make up 10 clinical scales. , on each an individual can score from 0-200.
Measures the following
1. Hypochondrasis- items showing abnormal concern with bodily functions
3. Hysteria- person may use physical or mental symptoms as a way of unconsciously avoiding conflicts or responsibilities.
4. Psychopathic deviate- showing a repeated and gross disregard for social customs and a emotional shallowness.
5. Masculinity-femininity--Items thought to be seperate male and female respondents
7-Psychasthenia- items that show obsessions, compulsions, abnormal fears, and guilt and indecisveness
8. Schizophrenia- items that show bizarre or unusual thoughts or behaviors
9. Hypomania- items that show emotional excitement, overactivity, and flight of ideas.
10. Social introversion- items that show shyness, little interest in people, and insecurity.