movement that started an explosion of creativity in art and writting, spreading from northern italy
Good sides of the Renaissance being in italy
thriving cities, wealthy merchant class, classical heritage of rome and greece
How did city states develop in northern italy?
oversea trade boosts during the crusades
Bubonic Plague
killed 60% of the population, changing the economy & forcing people to be artists
Upper-class, had power over politics, did not inherit ranks
small italian city-state that had republican government
Cosimo de Medici
wealthy man, became dictator of Florence for 30 years
Lorenzo de Medici / Lorenzo the Magnificent
took over after cosimo's death, ruled as dictator but kept the appearance of having an elected government
Inspiration for Scholars
Roman ruins & latin manuscripts
Intellectual movement focusing on human potentials & achievements
New Pleasures
Material luxuries, good music, fine foods
Spirit of the Renaissance - living in the moment instead of always planning for the fututure
Patrons of the Arts
Church leaders that supported the spread of art financially + merchants & wealthy families making donations
Renaissance Man
Should be educated in every field
Baldassare Castiglione
Wrote 'The Courtier', teaching men how to to become a Renaissance Man
Renaissance Woman
Should be charming, knew classics, inspired arts but didnt create them, & had no influence in politics/no power
Isabella d'Este
excercised power, born in ruling family of Ferrara, married ruler of Mantua - skilled in politics
3 dimensions on a flat surface, in art
Michelangelo Buonarroti
Used realistic style when painting
Used realistic style when making sculptures
Leonardo da Vinci
True 'Renaissance Man' - painter, sculptor, inventor, scientist. -> Mona lisa & The Last Supper
Raphael Sanzio
Young, looked up to older artists. Famous for use of perspective, & filling Pope Julius II's library with paintings
Sofonisba Anguissola
1st woman to gain international reputation - known for portraits of famous kings (for example, King Philip II of spain)
Artemisia Gentileschi
Paintings of strong, heroic women. Worked with her father to create artworks
Francesco Petrarch
Earliest & most influencial humanist, + great poet
Giovanni Boccaccio
Best known for the Decameron, series of realistic stories
Niccolo Machiavelli
'The Prince', examines the imperfect of human beings
Vittoria Colonna
Born in noble family, wrote poems to her husband Marquis of Pescara while he was away in the miltary - gained fame