How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

51 terms

African Key terms

Key terms from chapters 19-23. These aren't all the ones in the chapter. The book is world explorer.
STUDY
PLAY
Plateaus
mostly flat area that rises above ground and one side has a steep slope
Tributaries
A stream that flows into a river or ocean
Silt
Fine-grained sediment deposited by the river
Elevation
height of land above sea level
Nomad
A person who moves around to make a living
Savannah
Region of tall grass
Escarpment
High steep slope or cliff at edge of mountain or plateau
Oasis
fertile place in desert
Cataracts
Rock filled rapids
Irrigate
artificially water crops
Subsistence Farming
Raising just enough crops to support family
Cash crops
Raising crops to sell
Diversify
To add variety
Hunter-gatherers
person who gathers food to survive
Domesticate
to adapt wild plants and animals for human's use
Fertile
Containing substances that plants need to grow well
Surplus
extra
Bantu-Speakers
People who spoke Bantu. They spoke Swahili which is a language with some Arab words mixed in
Stone Age
The years when people made things out of stone.
Iron
This increased population and people learned to use this for new things. It was a new idea.
Red Sea
body of water between northeast Africa and the Arabian Peninsula that was a key source of trade between Africa and East Asia
Colonize
To settle an area and take over the government
Berlin Conference
The meeting about European colonization and trade.
Nationalism
Feeling pride in one's homeland
African National Congress
(ANC) was organized in 1912 to fight for blacks equality in South Africa
Boycotts
Refusal to buy or use goods and services
Plantations
A large, one crop farm with many workers, common in the Southern US before the Civil War
Suez Canal
Artificial waterway for the Mediterranean connecting to the Red sea
Nile
It is the longest river in the world
Muhammad
He is the Islamic prophet
Mecca
It a Islamic holy place where Mansa Musa's pilgrimage was to.
Mosque
Islam church to pray
Cairo
Egypt's capital and largest city
Bazaars
Traditional open-air market with rows of shops
Fellaheen
Peasants or agricultural workers in an Arab country
Kwame Nkrumah
He organized protests against British rule in the early 1950's
Sovereignty
Political independence
Coup
Takeover of a government, often done by military force
Jerry Rawlings
In the 1980's, he was Ghana's president who tried to reform Ghana's politics and economy
Harambee
Let's pull together was used for president Jomo's campaign and people worked together
Jomo Kenatta
He became president of Kenya after they gained independence in 1963. His campaign was Harambee
Nairobi
It is Kenya's capital city.
Shaba
It means copper and in congo there are huge deposits of copperin the southern providence.
Mobutu Sese Seko
In 1965, he was helped to take power of Congo and he was a military leader.
Authoritarian
Controlled by one person or a small group
Nationalized
To put a once-private industry under national control
Apartheid
The South African system in which racial groups were separated and racial discrimination was legal
Discriminate
To teat people unfairly based on a race or gender
F. W. de Klerk
In 1990, due to weak economy and continuing protests, this South African president helped pass the laws to end apartheid
Homeland
South African land were blacks were forced to live during apartheid
Nelson Mandela
He was an ANC member. He was jailed for almost 30 years until his family bailed him out