Chapter 5 Nutrition Notes
Terms in this set (27)
What is the most common nutrient in food?
What are carbs the main source of?
Energy or fuel
I/3 of calories come from What?
What do fats do?
Insulate and protect the body
What helps the body build and repair body tissues?
What are vitamins eliminated in?
What keeps the body working properly and regulate body processes?
Minerals and Vitamins
How does the body turn food into energy?
Where is the digestive track located?
The mouth to the rectum
How long is the digestive track?
26 feet long
What helps digest and absorb fats?
enzymes made by pancreas?
What is produced in the small intestine and breaks down food?
What is the surface of the small intestine the size of?
What nutrient process takes place in the small intestine?
Where do Nutrients move into?
How are nutrients carried to the liver from the small intestine?
what transports absorbed nutrients to tissues and organs?
What is the body's basic fuel?
Stored glucose is called what?
Energy needed for automatic process make up what? (processes like breathing, digesting food, and repairing tissues)
what is the amount of energy your body uses for basal metabolism called?
Basal metabolic rate or BMR
What fraction of calories are consumed for basal metabolism?
What lists the recommended daily amount of nutrients for people of a certain age and gender group?
The daily reference intake or DRI
what are the nutrient standards used on nutrition labels?
Does digestion involve the entire body?
Both the small and large intestine are involved in what?