Exploration, Discovery, and Settlement (1)
Terms in this set (29)
Henry the Navigator
Portuguese man that sponsored voyages to open trade routes below Africa
1492 "Discovered" the Americas for European settlement, hired for Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain
Treaty of Tordesillas
1494 established papal line of demarcation in the Americas between Spain and Portugal
General term for Spanish explorers in the New World who sought to conquer the native people, establish dominance over their lands, and prosper from their natural resources, including gold
King of Spain gave land grants to Spanish Conquistadors in return for the promise to Christianize them. Part of a broader Spanish effort to subdue the native population
Vasco de Gama
Portuguese explorer who was the first European to sail from Europe to India. He sailed around the Cape of Good Hope at the southern tip of Africa
first to circumnavigate globe, Portuguese explorer
conquered Incas, Spanish Explorer
Juan Ponce de Leon
Spanish explorer who was trying to find a Fountain of Youth. Instead, he landed in Florida.
Spanish conquistador. By 1521, he had conquered the Aztec empire using horses, gunpowder, and steel weapons
Samuel de Champlain
Frenchman, explored the Great Lakes and established the first French colony in North America at Quebec in 1608.
French sailor who explored the St. Lawrence River region between 1543 and 1542, searched for a northwest passage, a waterway through which ships could cross the Americas to Asia.
Explored the northeast coast of North America in 1497 and 1498, claiming Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, and the Grand Banks for England.
An English explorer sponsored by the Dutch East India Company, sailed up the river that now bears his name in 1609. His explorations gave the Dutch territorial claims to the Hudson Bay region.
Sir Walter Raleigh
English explorer who established England's first American colony in 1585.
The first English settlement in the New World, off the coast of North Carolina, established in 1587. The settlement failed, and no one knows what became of the people who first settled there.
founded by Virginia Company, became first permanent English Colony in North America
English joint-stock company that established Jamestown
effectively saved Jamestown when the colony was on the verge of collapse in 1608, its first year of existence. His initiatives to improve sanitation and hygiene and to organize work gangs to gather food and build shelters dramatically lowered mortality rates among Jamestown colonists
established tobacco industry in Jamestown, made the colony profitable
Virginia House of Burgesses
first representative government in the English colonies, influenced later US governments
The official church of England
Wanted to reform the Anglican Church
Pilgrims (Puritan Separatists)
Purtians that believed the Anglican Church could not be reformed, leading them to desire separation from the Church. In 1620, they sailed in the Mayflower and established the Plymouth colony.
one of the first forms of colonial/democratic government, established majority rule, Pilgrims
colony founded by Pilgrims (Puritan Separatists) in 1620
A Pilgrim, the second governor of the Plymouth colony, 1621-1657. Developed private land ownership and helped colonists get out of debt
Massachusetts Bay Colony
1629 - King Charles gave the Puritans a right to settle and govern a colony in this area. The colony established political freedom and a representative government
A founder of the Puritan, Massachusetts Bay Colony, famously referred to the colony as a "city upon a hill" from which Puritans would spread religious righteousness throughout the world