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34 terms

AP English Lit Terms Set 2

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diction
the author's choice of words (Wright's The Blessing - Suddenly I realize/ That if I stepped out of my body I would break/into blossom)
didactic
primary purpose is to teach: parables in the Bible
dirge
a song for the dead
dissonance
the grating of incompatible sounds; a non-harmonious chord (1. the clinching interlocking claws, a living, fierce, gyrating wheel ... 2) situational dissonance: You are a strict vegetarian but you see a stylish leather jacket on sale and want to buy it)
doggerel
crude, simplistic verse, often in sing-song rhyme ("Said the big red rooster / to the little brown hen / 'You haven't laid an egg / Since goodness when ... )
doppelganger
Seemingly exact doubles who appear often as a forecast of death or disaster
dramatic monologue
single speaker in literature talks to silent audience
dramatic poem
a poem that has a conflict
dystopia
opposite of utopia, a society where social and technological advances have served to aid corruption
elegy
lyric poem on death or mortality
encomium
a laudatory poem for a legendary or real person
enjambment
continuation of syntax over line break
enumeratio
listing parts, cause, or effect, for added emphasis
epic
a long narrative poem on a serious theme in a dignified style; often describes glorious or profound subject (Homer's the Iliad and Odyssey)
epigram
a short poem intended to impart wisdom
epigraph
a quotation that is placed at the start of a work or section that expresses what will be said
epiphany
a sudden realization or comprehension of the meaning of something
epistle
a letter directed or sent to a group of people
epistrophe
repetition of same words at the end of sentences or phrases (Emerson's "What lies between US and what lies before US are tiny compared to what lies within US")
epitaph
lines that commemorate the dead at the burial place
epithalamium
a poem that is written for the bride; celebration of a wedding
epithet
a word which makes the reader see the object described in a clearer or sharper light. It is both exact and imaginative (ex: "blindfolding night," "whipped clouds," "panicky trees," etc)
epizeuxis
repetition of the same word for emphasis (Macbeth's "O horror, horror, horror")
eponym
substituting the name of a famous person for a description (He's a real Einstein)
eulogy
formal expression of praise usually given at a funeral
euphemism
a word that takes the place of a more harsh or inappropriate word
euphony
sounds blending harmoniously
euphuism
elegant Victorian prose style filled with alliteration and similes, balanced sentence construction, and allusions; highly elaborate and artificial style ("So bees with smoke and doves with noisome stench / Are from their hives and houses driven away")
exemplum
citing an example; a tale with a moral message
expletive
word interrupting syntax to give emphasis to words around it ("All truth is not, indeed, of equal importance")
eye of the poem
the central focus of the poem
eye rhyme
words that look similar, but are pronounced differently; also called visual rhyme and sight rhyme; refers to rhymes based on similarity of spelling rather than sound: wind/find, slaughter/laughter, love/move
falling rhyme
feminine rhyme; ending with unaccented last syllable: painted, matted, marshal
farce
a comedy of unlikely, but possible, situations; has improbable incongruities: Malvolio in shakespeare's Twelfth Night