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the author's choice of words (Wright's The Blessing - Suddenly I realize/ That if I stepped out of my body I would break/into blossom)


primary purpose is to teach: parables in the Bible


a song for the dead


the grating of incompatible sounds; a non-harmonious chord (1. the clinching interlocking claws, a living, fierce, gyrating wheel ... 2) situational dissonance: You are a strict vegetarian but you see a stylish leather jacket on sale and want to buy it)


crude, simplistic verse, often in sing-song rhyme ("Said the big red rooster / to the little brown hen / 'You haven't laid an egg / Since goodness when ... )


Seemingly exact doubles who appear often as a forecast of death or disaster

dramatic monologue

single speaker in literature talks to silent audience

dramatic poem

a poem that has a conflict


opposite of utopia, a society where social and technological advances have served to aid corruption


lyric poem on death or mortality


a laudatory poem for a legendary or real person


continuation of syntax over line break


listing parts, cause, or effect, for added emphasis


a long narrative poem on a serious theme in a dignified style; often describes glorious or profound subject (Homer's the Iliad and Odyssey)


a short poem intended to impart wisdom


a quotation that is placed at the start of a work or section that expresses what will be said


a sudden realization or comprehension of the meaning of something


a letter directed or sent to a group of people


repetition of same words at the end of sentences or phrases (Emerson's "What lies between US and what lies before US are tiny compared to what lies within US")


lines that commemorate the dead at the burial place


a poem that is written for the bride; celebration of a wedding


a word which makes the reader see the object described in a clearer or sharper light. It is both exact and imaginative (ex: "blindfolding night," "whipped clouds," "panicky trees," etc)


repetition of the same word for emphasis (Macbeth's "O horror, horror, horror")


substituting the name of a famous person for a description (He's a real Einstein)


formal expression of praise usually given at a funeral


a word that takes the place of a more harsh or inappropriate word


sounds blending harmoniously


elegant Victorian prose style filled with alliteration and similes, balanced sentence construction, and allusions; highly elaborate and artificial style ("So bees with smoke and doves with noisome stench / Are from their hives and houses driven away")


citing an example; a tale with a moral message


word interrupting syntax to give emphasis to words around it ("All truth is not, indeed, of equal importance")

eye of the poem

the central focus of the poem

eye rhyme

words that look similar, but are pronounced differently; also called visual rhyme and sight rhyme; refers to rhymes based on similarity of spelling rather than sound: wind/find, slaughter/laughter, love/move

falling rhyme

feminine rhyme; ending with unaccented last syllable: painted, matted, marshal


a comedy of unlikely, but possible, situations; has improbable incongruities: Malvolio in shakespeare's Twelfth Night

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