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Terms in this set (30)
Lobe associated with processing of sensory input
Lobe associated with voluntary motor activity, speaking ability and thought
Lobe associated with initial processing of initial processing of visual input
Lobe associated with initial processing of auditory input
Sensations from body: heat, pain, pressure, cold, touch
Part of parietal lobe associated with initial cortical processing of somesthetic sensations and proprioception
Part at juncion of parietal,occipital and temporal lobes associated with speech, and written language understanding
Part of frontal lobe associated with speech formation. Nex to motor cortex to control muscles involved in speaking.
Limbic Association Cortex
Part of temporal lobe associated with motivation, emotion and memory
Parietal-temporal-occiputal assocation cortex
Responsible for Integration of all sensory input; very important for language (Connects Wernickes area with visual and auditory coritices)
Primary Motor cortex
Part of frontal lobe responsible for voluntary control of skeletal muscles (DOES NOT INITIATE MOVEMENT)
Supplementary motor area
High motor area in frontal lobe that programs complex sequences of movement
High motor area in frontal lobe that orients body and arms toward a specific target
Posterior Parietal cortex
High motor area in parietal lobe that informs premotor cortex of the body's current position in space
Ability of brain to change in response to demands placed on it. Formation of new neural pathways (dendrite branching) to compensate for damage that has occurred in the brain.
Language ability is located solely in what hemisphere?
If a lesion is present in Broca's area, the patient has problems (forming words, Understanding words)
If a lesion is present in Wernicke's area, the patient has problems (forming words, Understanding words)
Prefrontal Association Cortex
Part of frontal lobe associated with thinking, planning voluntary activity, decision making, creativity and personality traits. Also associated with working memory
Procedure in which the prefrontal association cortex is removed, presumably to treat violent criminals or bad personality traits
Hemisphere associated with language, fine motor control, logic, math, fine details. People strong in this hemisphere are "thinkers"
Hemisphere associated with nonlanguage skills such as spacial perception, art, music, big picture. People strong in this hemisphere aer "creators". THIS HEMISPHERE IS UNCONSICOUS.
Gray matter in brain resposible for inhibiting muscle tone, selecting and maintaining useful movement while inhibiting useless activity and monitoring slow,sustained contractions involved in posture.
Disease associated with destruction of neurons in basal nuclei that release dopamine. Causes muscle rigidity, unwanted movements and slowless in initiating/carrying out movement
Subcortical structure associated with preliminary processing of sensory input. Screens out insignificant signals and relays important signals to higher brain. Crude awareness of sensations, but cant locate them. Positively reinforces voluntary motor control behavior. Also associated with consciousness.
Subcortical structure that contains the thalamus and hypothalamus. Forms the 3rd ventricular cavity
Subcortical structure located outside of the BBB. Associated with maintaining homeostasis: body temp, urine output/thirst, food intake, anterior pituary hormone secretion, posterior pituary hormone synthesis, Autonomic NS, sleep-wake cycle, emotions and behavior
Collection of forebrain structures (limbic assoc. cortex, basal nuclei, thalamus, hypothalamus, hippocampus, amygdyla) associated with control of emotions and emotional behavior, basic behavioral patterns, motivation and memory
part of limbic system associated with fear
Epinephrine, dopamine, serotonin
Neurotransmitters of the Limbic System
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