created by Columbus referring to indigenous peoples of the New World; implies commonality that didn't exist; still used for Native Americans
nomadic peoples from beyond northern frontier of sedentary agricultural area in mesoamerica; strong militaristic ethic incorporated human sacrifice
nomadic tribe that used political anarchy to penetrate sedentary agricultural zone in Mesoamerica; est. empire after 1325 around shores of Lake Texoco
est. 1325 on Lake Texoco; center of Aztec power; joined with Tlacopan and Texoco in 1434 to control most of Central plateau of Mesoamerica
Aztec advisor 1427-1480; had histories rewritten; expanded human sacrifice as political terror
Aztec tribal patron god; Central figure of human sacrifice and warfare; identified with old sun god
An interpretation describing Inca society as a type of utopia; image of the Inca Empire as a carefully organized system in which every community collectively contributed to the whole.
Word for Inca Empire; region from present-day Columbia to Chile and eastward to northern Argentina
Ruler of Inca society from 1438 to 1471; launched a series of military campaigns that gave Incas control of the region from Cuzco to the shores of Lake Titicaca
Inca practice of descent; titles and power went to sucessor; money and land went to male descendants to care for mummy
temple of the sun
Inca religious center located at Cuzco; center of state religion; held mummies of past Incas
Ayllu chiefs with priveleges of dress and access to resources; community leaders among Andean soldiers
Inca colonists in new regions; could be Quecha-speakers; used to pacify new conquest or conquered population moved to new home
Way stations used by Incas as inns and storehouses; supply centers for Inca armies on move; relay points for system of runners used to carry messages
Labor extracted for lands assigned to the state and the religion; all communities were expected to contribute; an essential aspect of Inca imperial control.