Create an account
created by Columbus referring to indigenous peoples of the New World; implies commonality that didn't exist; still used for Native Americans
nomadic peoples from beyond northern frontier of sedentary agricultural area in mesoamerica; strong militaristic ethic incorporated human sacrifice
nomadic tribe that used political anarchy to penetrate sedentary agricultural zone in Mesoamerica; est. empire after 1325 around shores of Lake Texoco
est. 1325 on Lake Texoco; center of Aztec power; joined with Tlacopan and Texoco in 1434 to control most of Central plateau of Mesoamerica
Aztec advisor 1427-1480; had histories rewritten; expanded human sacrifice as political terror
Aztec tribal patron god; Central figure of human sacrifice and warfare; identified with old sun god
An interpretation describing Inca society as a type of utopia; image of the Inca Empire as a carefully organized system in which every community collectively contributed to the whole.
Word for Inca Empire; region from present-day Columbia to Chile and eastward to northern Argentina
Ruler of Inca society from 1438 to 1471; launched a series of military campaigns that gave Incas control of the region from Cuzco to the shores of Lake Titicaca
Inca practice of descent; titles and power went to sucessor; money and land went to male descendants to care for mummy
temple of the sun
Inca religious center located at Cuzco; center of state religion; held mummies of past Incas
Ayllu chiefs with priveleges of dress and access to resources; community leaders among Andean soldiers
Inca colonists in new regions; could be Quecha-speakers; used to pacify new conquest or conquered population moved to new home
Way stations used by Incas as inns and storehouses; supply centers for Inca armies on move; relay points for system of runners used to carry messages
Labor extracted for lands assigned to the state and the religion; all communities were expected to contribute; an essential aspect of Inca imperial control.
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together