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Chapter 8 Theology Review

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What is the meaning of the word "liturgy"?
The public work of worshipping God.
What did the word "liturgy" describe in the Old Testament?
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What is the name of the rite used by most Catholics living in the West?
Latin Rite
What are the names of other rites celebrated in the Catholic Church?
-Antiochen
-Alexandrian
-Roman
-Milanese
-Fallican
-Maronite
-Mozarabic
How did we receive the liturgies that are used in the Church today.
They were handed down from one of these ancient communities (Antioch, Alexandria, and Rome).
Explain the different ways in which Christ is present in the liturgy.
-In the Sacraments: The sacraments are the continuation of Christ's saying actions in our lives. "IF you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven." "This is my body.... This cup is the new covenant in my blood."
-In the Proclamation of the word: "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God."
-In the Prayer of the Church: "Where two or three are gathered together in my name, I am there in the midst of them." As our high priest, he intercedes for us when we pray.
-In Acts of Charity (LOVE): "As you did it to one of the least of these my brethren, you did it to me."
What is meant by the term "heavenly liturgy"?
The adoration rendered Almighty God by angels and saints in Heaven, most especially through the eternal pleading of Christ the High Priest and the perpetual offering of HIs once-for-all sacrifice of Himself to His heavenly Father.
In what way can those who participate in the Church's liturgies be said to be participants in the heavenly liturgy?
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What is an iconostasis, and what does it symbolize in the Eastern liturgy?
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What is the origin of observing the Sabbath as a day of rest and worship?
The Third commandment. It instructs us to "Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy," because it was on this day that God rested from his work of creation, thereby blessing and sanctifying the seventh day.
What did the first Christians do on the Sabbath? on Sunday?
They kept it in accordance with their Jewish heritage. It involved attending the synagogue. As indicated in the New Testament, they also met for the Breaking of Bread (Eucharist) on the Day of the Lord in celebration his Resurrection.
Early Christians combined these two liturgies---the Liturgy of the Word and the Liturgy of the Eucharist----into a single act of worship celebrated on Sunday.
Explain why the day of worship was to Sunday.
It is the Lord's Day on which we celebrate the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. Just as the original act of creation was finished on the seventh day, God's act of re-creation was accomplished on the eighth day. It was on this day that mankind was re-created as children of God in the order of grace.
What is the Liturgy of the Hours (Divine Office), and what is its origin?
Also called the Divine Office, or Breviary, it is the official prayer of the Church that allows the faithful to pray throughout the day with Psalms and other biblical readings. It originated in ancient Judaism more than a millennium before the birth of Christ.
What is the symbolism of a church building?
Our father's house, towards which the People of God direct their journey.
List ten things found in a typical Catholic church and explain their significance.
-Altar: A table of sacrifice where the Liturgy of the Eucharist is celebrated.
-Confessional: A closet-like box or a confessional room where priest hears confessions.
-Crucifix: Each Catholic Church will have a crucifix near the altar. It is a reminder of the sacrifice of Christ, which brings us our salvation.
-Easter Candle: Representing the light of Christ, it is lit for the first time a the Easter Vigil. It is used in all Masses throughout the Easter season and on other occasions, such as baptism.
-Kneelers: A short, sometimes padded bench, slightly elevated from the floor, which allows the faithful to kneel more comfortably at Mass.
-Missalettes: these are small booklets that contain the prayers, songs, and Scripture readings that will be used at Mass.
-Pulpit or Ambo: The Rambo is a raised stand used for reading the Scriptures. Some churches have an elevated pulpit, which may be used for reading the Gospel and for the homily.
-Sacristy: This is a small room off the sanctuary where the investments and sacred objects used in Mass are kept.
-Sanctuary: A part of the Church, often elevated, where the altar is situated. Because the priest celebrated Mass in the sanctuary, it is considered the most holy part of the church building. In the Eastern churches, the sanctuary is separated from the rest of the church by an iconostasis.
-Tabernacle: Of Old Testament origin, the Tabernacle was the dwelling place of god. It is used in a Catholic church as a receptacle to reserve the Blessed Sacraments, the Body and Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ.
List three gestures used in worship, and explain their significance. In your own words, explain how worship would be different without these gestures.
-The sign of the Cross: A symbol of our Faith and salvation, his is used in the blessings of persons and things. Its usage goes back to the early Church when people would mark themselves with the sign of Christ.
-Anointing: A symbol of the Holy Spirit and the grace infused by the Sacraments of Baptism, Anointing of the Sick, Confirmation, and Holy Orders. The christ means the "anointed One"; and in the Old Testament kings, priests, and prophets were anointed. By virtue of their Baptism, the followers of Christ are "anointed ones," having a share in the kingly, priestly, and prophetic mission of Christ.
-Bowing one's head: A sign of reverence often given when hearing the name of Jesus and Mary.
What is a sacramental?
Holy objects, celebrations, and acts of piety that help dispose the faithful towards receiving grace from God.
In regard to grace, how is sacramental different from a sacrament?
Sacramentals do not confer grace ex opere operato (by the very nature of their being celebrated), but they do confer grace through the actions of the recipient. In this regard, their effectiveness is based on the dispositions of the individual. They help direct our minds, hearts, and prayers toward God.
What does holy water represent, and why is it used when entering a Church?
Holy water represents the reminder of the waters of Baptism through which we were first joined to Christ. When we enter a church and place our hand in the holy water font, making the Sign of the Cross, we are recalling our Baptism asking God for purity as we approach the celebration of the sacred mysteries.
What statues did the Law of Moses require to be placed in the Temple?
Cherubim and Seraphim
Why was God not depicted in pictorial form?
He had not revealed himself in a physical form.
What enabled Christians to depict the human image of God?
When God became man in the Person of Jesus Christ.
What evidence is there that religious images were important to the early Christians?
The catacombs, where ancient Christians gathered in times of persecution, are filled with religious art and serve as a powerful role that sacred art and serve as a art has always played in the life of the Church.
What is the difference between adoration and veneration?
-Adoration: worship belongs to God and to God alone.
-Veneration: Profound reverence and respect, can be given both to persons and to sacred objects.
What did the Second Council of Nicaea state about the use of religious images?
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What is the origin of the Rosary?
It comes from the Latin word rosarium, which means "rose garden". It was an innovative way to impart the Faith of the average man and woman.
What was the role of St. Dominic in promoting devotion to the Rosary?
He encouraged the faithful to pray the Holy Rosary often. It had been a practice of the monks to recite the 150 Psalms in the Divine Office. However, many of faithful, who could not afford books or could not read, began practicing of reciting 150 Our Fathers as a substitute for the Psalms.
What is the origin of the Stations of the Cross?
Regular Lenten Devotion. This ancient custom of retracing the steps of Christ to Calvary probably began in the weeks following Jesus' Death and Resurrection.
How was it practiced in the first centuries of Christianity?
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Why were the Stations of the Cross eventually erected in parish churches?
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What is the relationship between the Franciscans and the Stations of the Cross?
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What was the practice of the early Church in regard to relics?
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Why are Catholic churches often given the names of saints?
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What is the significance of relics in the Church today?
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What is the purpose or value of wearing medals?
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What is the origin of the scapular?
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What does it signify when worn by laypersons?
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What event popularized the wearing of the Brown Scapular of Mount Carmel?
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Define pilgrimage and procession.
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What is the purpose of making a pilgrimage?
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What is an example of pilgrimage?
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List three domestic sacramentals?
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How do each domestic sacramental help the family to be more centered on Christ?
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