Terms in this set (18)
What does "ATP" stand for?
What is the purpose of ATP
transport chemical energy within a biological cel
How is ATP able to transport energy?
the phosphate bonds contain a lot of potential energy, which is released when they are broken.
Where does ATP come from?
ADP stands for
How is ATP used in the body?
A small amount of ATP exists in muscle cells and provides energy for multiple muscle contractions.
Equation for ATP
Where does the energy used to create an ATP come from?
glucose in the food we eat
What happens to the energy that is released from ATP?
it used for cellular functions
Where is the energy in ATP stored?
In the bonds between the phosphate molecules
How many phosphates are their in ATP?
What is used to break the phosphate bond and releases the stored energy?
How is energy released from ATP molecules?
By hydrolysis. When water cuts a phosphate off. It's "spring loaded". As it pops off it releases energy
What is ATP made of?
adenine, ribose, and phosphate groups
What does the ATP structure look like?
squared box that is a combination of adenine and ribose which is called adenosine. Next to it are 3 ovals that are phosphate and those together in a line make up the structure of ATP
ADP into ATP
ATP energy cycle in body
ATP releases energy when broken down from hydrolysis