APES Chapter 4
Terms in this set (76)
Best description of a region's climate?
The average temperature and precipitation over several decades.
In which level of the atmosphere does weather occur?
What things can have a significant effect on climate?
Unequal heating of earth, convection currents, rotation of the earth, earths orbit on a tilted axis
What does TSMTE (The snake met the elephant) stand for
Troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, Exosphere
What special ability does the thermosphere have?
it can block harmful uv rays
Characteristics of the Ozone layer
1. 3 oxygen atoms 2. pale blue gas 3. absorbs most of sun's UV-C and UV-B rays
Why do polar regions reflect more sunlight
snow is white. (What even is this class)
What other completely irrelevant thing about albedo is important to our education?
it is also the white inner rind of an orange or lemon. (Pithy, one might say.)
How do you turn F into Celsius?????? (cant spell that)
Tropic of cancer (Dunno)
Tropic of capricorn
23.5 (North south I dunno whichever yolo)
How long can the thermohaline current take to complete itself?
100's of years!
which side is the rainshadow on and how is the weather over there?
leeward and its warm with dry air
if you are not the leeward side of the mountain you are _______
the windward side
list the factors that are able to classify a biome (This one is most likely going to be on the test so)
1. average temperature 2. average precipitation 3. distinctive plants adapted to area
which biome is known for very large trees
temperate rain forest
which biome is v prone to wildfires
which biome has 1 meter of rain per year?!
temperate seasonal forest
which biome is home to 2/3 of not marine species
which biome is at 30 N and S
Which level of the atmosphere is the densest?
Which level of the atmosphere contains the ozone layer
What is the importance of the ozone layer
It absorbs incoming uv rays
What best describes the density of the atmosphere
It decreases as you increase in altitude
What best describes the temperature of the atmosphere
It shows fluctuations up and down as you move through the layers of the atmosphere
True or false- the suns rays are more strongly reflected in the lower latitude regions
Which of the following is the best description of albedo?
The ability of an object to reflect light
What region of the earth does the sun hit at the most direct angle
What level of the atmosphere contains charged gas molecules that glow, producing what is known as the northern lights
What has highest albedo
Warmer air has a higher capacity for water vapor therefore
It has a higher saturation point and is more humid
What happens to air as it rises
The pressure decreases and it expands in volume
Expansion does what to temperature
What conclusion can be drawn about the relationship between temperature and saturation point
As temperature increases saturation point increases exponentially
What factor is most closely related to adiabatic heating and cooling
Latent heat release occurs when
Water vapor in the atmosphere condenses into liquid water
What is the overall direction of global air currents at the equator
Air rises at the equator
What is the best explanation for high amounts of rain that occur at the equator
The warm air rises at the equator which condenses at a high altitude leading to rain
What type of weather would you expect to find at the ITCZ
Warm and rainy weather
At what latitude is earth moving at highest velocity
Which of the following statements about the Coriolis Effect is incorrect?
Global winds are not affected by the Coriolis Effect.
What latitude receives the most direct sunlight throughout the year
What is the cause of the differing seasons of the earth
The tilt of the earth on its axis
Which direction do hyres flow in the northern hemisphere
What is one major role that gyres play in global climate
Currents redistribute heat from the equator to northern lattitudes
What is one positive effect of upwelling
Creates an area of high nutrient levels along the coast
Where is upwelling most likely to occur
Along the west coast of continents
As water freezes or evaporates what happens to the salinity of the remaining ocean water
If glaciers melt what will happen to the water
It would become less salty preventing sinking
Why is the hermit halide current significant
It helps to regulate climate by transporting heat from the equator
Is El Niño human caused and related to global warming
Where does el ñino occur
Tropical Pacific Ocean
When the rain shadow effect is occurring, which side of the mountain tends to receive more rain
You observe a mountain that has lush vegetation on one side and a dry desert on the other. Why? What phenomenon does the above figure represent?
The rain shadow effect
What factors are used to classify a biome?
Average temperature, average precipitation, distinctive ants adapted to area
Which biome is characterized by the presence of permafrost
Boreal forests tend to have a thick layer of organic material but the soil is poor in nutrients. What is the best explanation for this?
Low precipitation rates and cold temperatures slow decomposition.
Types of wetlands
Swamps, marshes, bogs
Which of the following is not an ecological service provided by wetlands?
They are heavily used for agriculture due to high nutrient content
Which of the following is earths most diverse marine biome
Which biome has plants with adaptations that prevent water loss, such as smaller leaves with few pores for gas exchange
Which zone contains the majority of nitrogen oxygen and water vapor
What biome had warm temperatures, high precipitation, and little seasonal variation due to its location near the equator
Which zone would you be most likely to find bacteria engaged in chemosynthesis
Place where photosynthesis can happen
Which zone changes most from high to low tide
Which biome has some low growing vegetation but cannot support trees because if a permanently frozen layer of soil
Which zone would you find phytoplankton but not rooted plants
When zone is home to some de composers but no producers
4 things that have a significant effect on the climate of a region
1. Unequal heating 2. Convection currents 3. Rotation of earth 4. Earths orbit on its axis
If you start at the top and go clockwise on the chart with the earth what are they
1. Vernal/spring 2. December/winter 3. Autumnal 4. June
What does equinox mean
All regions of earth receive 12 hours of light and 12 hours of dark
What are four ecological services
1. Store rainwater and release it slowly into groundwater or streams 2. Breeding site for birds and fish 3. High areas of primary productivity 4. Filter pollutants from water
Which biome is characterized by the presence of permafrost?