This chapter begins with a discussion of E-Verify and biometrics, followed by a discussion of the significance of employee selection and identification of environmental factors that affect the selection process. Next, the general selection process and applicant tracking systems is described. The next two sections involve preliminary screening and review of applications and résumés. A section on sending résumés via the Internet follows, and the advantages and potential problems and characteristics of properly designed selection tests are then explained. Test validation approaches, and types of employment tests are next discussed, and topics related to genetic testing, graphoanalysis, and polygraph tests are described. Aspects of online assessment and the use of assessment centers are then presented, and the importance of the employment interview and the general types of interviewing is discussed. Then we examine the various methods of interviewing, interviewing through crowd sourcing, potential interviewing problems, and concluding the interview. Next, the use of pre-employment screening, including background investigations and reference checks is presented, followed by a discussion of negligent hiring. Topics related to the selection decision, the medical examination, notification of candidates, candidate relationship management, and automated reference checking is discussed. Metrics for evaluating recruitment/selection effectiveness are then explained. The chapter concludes with a global perspective entitled "Leadership Effectiveness in the Global Environment."