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55 terms

World History Ch. 10

Chapter 10 review
STUDY
PLAY
tithe
small tax
burg
town
lay investure
lay church ruler's symbols
interdict
spiritual weapon forbidding priests from giving sacraments to a certain group of people
Hildigard of Bingen
1st important woman composer who became abbess of female religious house and contributed to Gregorian Chant (music)
serf
free peasants or peasants legally bound to land
patrician
a person of noble or high rank
bourgeoisie
upper-class
inquisition
Holy Court/ method of dealing with accused heretics
St. Thomas Aquinas
wrote Summa Theologica and tried to reconcile with Aristotle with Doctrine of Christianity
King Henry V
English king who won Battle of Agincourt
taille
annual direct land tax
carruca
heavy wheeled plow
investure controversy
conflict between Henry IV and Grregory VII
St. Francis of Assisi
wealthy italian merchant who founded Franciscans and preached and lived among people
Dominique de Gusman
spanish priest, founded dominicans and defended the church teachings from heresy
scholasticism
tried to reconcile faith and reason
vernacular
language of everyday speech in region (ex: troubadour poetry)
Joan of Arc
French peasant woman who had visions to be part of French army and imspired them
reason for 100 years' war
land of Gascony
English weapon in 100 years' war
longbows
France weapon in 100 years' war
cannon
Louis XI's nickname
Spider (devious)
1st Tudor King
Henry VII
Ivan III
rid Russia of Mongol Influence
manor
agricultural estate run by lord and peasants
John Hus
led a group of Czech reformers to end clergy's corruption of excessive power but accused of heresy and burned
characteristic in gov. elections during middle ages
monarchy?
black death
most devastating natural disaster in European history (ex. Bubonic pague)
where French popes lived
Avignon
with 2 popes
great schism
what people drank in Mid. Ages
wine?
barter economy
exchange of goods and services
money economy
exchange of amount of currency equal to worth of good
apprentice
stage of learning/practicing art
journeyman
experienced worker
master craftsman
after completing a masterpiece
papal states
territories pope's gained that kept them in political matters
concordat of worms
agreement between Henry IV and Gregory VII
the religious orders
(b,c,d,f) bishops, cistercians, dominicans, franciscans
relic
bones or objects of a saint, worthy of worship, believed to connect earth with God
troubadour poetry
most popular vernacular literature--nobles and knights
gothic architecture
round barrel vault (then ribbed vault w/ pointed arches) with thin walls w/ stained glass (higher than Romanesque)
romanesque architecture
basilica shape (rectangular) but used stone roof w/ massive pillars
ferdinand and isabella's nickname
known as "most catholic monarchs"
heresy
denial of basic church doctrines
commercial capitalism
investment of money into large batches of goods in order to make a profit on the market
patron Saint of Children
Saint Nicholas (santa claus)
most holy shrine for mid. eastern christians
Holy City (Jerusalem)
chasson de geste
heroic epic--battles and political contests
anti-semitism
hostility towards Jews (after Bubonic plague)
new monarchies
recovery (after hundred years' war) in Spain, England, and France
secular symbols for church officials
earthly and spiritual office
1st European university
Bologna
low countries where Flanders was located
(BENELUX) Belgium, Netherlands, Lextington