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Bones, Cartilages, Joints or Articulations, Ligaments
The skeleton consists of... (4 different things)
skull, vertebral column, and thoracic cage
the axial skeleton consists of these three groups of bones...
upper limbs (arms), pectoral girdle (shoulder), lower limbs (legs), and pelvic girdle
The appendicular skeleton consists of...
forms framework of the face, forms cavities for sense organs of sight, taste and smell, provides openings for passage of air and food, hold the teeth, and anchor the muscles of the face
middle and inner ear, nasal cavity, orbits and sinuses
Smaller cavities in the cranium house which 5 structures?
spinal cord, blood vessels, twelve cranial nerves: I-XII
Openings in the cranium are for these structures...
also called "calvaria" or skull cap; this forms superior, lateral, and posterior aspects of the skull and forehead
optic canal, superior orbital fissure, foramen rotundum and foramen ovale, foramen spinosum
The five openings in the sphenoid bone.
Superior orbital fissure
Opening in the sphenoid bone that allows cranial nerves for eye movement to pass through.
foramen rotudum and foramen ovale
Opening in the sphenoid bone that allows cranial nerves for maxillary and mandibular nerves to pass through.
Opening in sphenoid bone that allows the menigeal artery for the parietal and temporal bones to pass through
The thin walled and delicate bone that is deeply located. It forms the medial bony area between nasal cavity and orbits.
Part of the ethmoid bone that is sieve-like. It secures the brain to the cranial cavity.
Ethmoid Sinuses and Nasal Conchae
These are structures of the ethmoid bone and form the nasal cavities.
These 8 bones are collectively called __________: mandible, maxillae, zygomatics, nasal, lacrimal, palatines, vomer, and inferior nasal conchae
Coronoid process, mandibular condyle, and mandibular notch
Name the attachment site of the mandible (3).
This process articulates with the anterior region of the hard palate (the bony roof of the mouth)
Floor of nasal cavity/roof of mouth/hard palate
The palatine processes of the maxillae and horizontal plates of palatine bones make up the ______________.
Swirling air through the _________ heats and moistens air; also, mucus filters through this.
Cone-shaped bony cavities; These hold the eyes, muscles that move the eye, some fat and tear-producing glands, and the optic canal.
These sinuses are extensions of the nasal cavity and are lined by same mucous membrane and have same function.
This is a movable base for the tongue and a point of attachment for the neck muscles that raise and lower the larynx during swallowing.
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