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American Difference Chapter 5
Terms in this set (27)
Checks and Balances
where three branches of government can each limit the power of the others
Two ideal types of democracies
Majoritarian and consensus
Where all significant legislative and executive power is vested in a single national (sometimes referred to as central) government with little to no independent power vested in lower levels of government.
Provide two or more layers of government, which means a country has regional or local units of government with authority and powers independent of those of the national government.
States who's sovereignty is vested in lower levels of government, with lower levels having more authority than the central government.
Means a country in which local units of government have powers independent of those of the national government and in which authority is divided between the different levels of government.
decentralizing of power from a central state to a lower level of government.
A head of state
A ceremonial position that carries with it little to no real decision-making power.
A head of government
The state's chief political officer, is responsible for presenting and developing policies, and has decision-making authority.
Branch of government that "executes" the laws passed by the legislative branch of government.
The type of government that separates the legislative and executive powers
A body of advisers to the president, composed of the heads of the executive departments of the government, who with the president and vice president compose the executive branch.
A system much more common among advanced industrial democracies.
In consociational systems, numerous parties receive seats in the legislature and so choosing the prime minister and cabinet requires bargaining among two or more parties to appoint a...
If a controversy or controversial issue saps support for the government, the parliament can dissolve itself and hold new elections before a term is up. These votes are called...
Votes of no confidence or confidence votes
Mixed System of Government
There is a third system of government, which is a hybrid of the presidential and parliamentary systems. Carries both elements of the parliamentary system and the presidential system.
Consequently, the president and prime minister share executive authority and they must __________ as executives.
An election when no election has been previously scheduled.
Branch of government is responsible for writing and crafting laws.
Where representatives of the people are elected to make laws on their behalf.
There are two legislative chambers, the house and the senate.
When a bicameral system affords relatively equal power to both chambers of the legislature, we refer to this as...
Symmetrical bicameralism .
One chamber, legislatures.
Meaning that the two chambers do not share equal legislative power, as they do in the United States.
As with most other former British colonies, America has a common law legal tradition. The far more common democratic judicial tradition, particularly among social democracies, is the civil law tradition.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Keeping the Republic: Chapter 8
Chapter 6: Keeping the Republic
Chapter 6 Keeping the Republic
American Politics Chapter 3
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