AP human geo chapter 2
Terms in this set (37)
Crude birth rate (CBR)
Total number of live births in a year for every 100 people alive in a society
Natural increase rate (NIR)
% that a population grows in a year, CBR - CDR
Average # of years a newborn infant can expect to live
Maternal mortality rate
Number of female deaths per 100,000 live births
Crude death rate (CDR)
Total # of deaths in a year for every 1000 people alive in a society
Infant mortality rate (IMR)
Annual # of deaths of infants under 1 years old compared with # of births
Total fertility rate (TFR)
Average # of children a woman will have during her child bearing years
# of years needed to double population
the way in which something is shared out among a group or spread over an a
The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
The total number of people divided by the total land area.
DEF - 1994 conference in Cairo that recommended stabilizing world population growth.
largest number of individuals of a population that a environment can support
A complete enumeration of a population.
Child mortality rate
Child mortality, also known as under-5 mortality or child death, refers to the death of infants and children under the age of five
the deliberate use of artificial methods or other techniques to prevent pregnancy as a consequence of sexual intercourse.
mathematical determination of the changes in a population
The process of change in a society's population from a condition of high crude birth and death rates and low rate of natural increase to a condition of low crude birth and death rates, low rate of natural increase, and a higher total population.
the scientific study of population characteristics
the number of people under 15 and over 64 compared to the number of people in the workforce
The portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement.
Distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition.
In the late 1980s, when many argued that stricter population controls needed to be placed on countries with high TFR Cornucopians believe that with increasing populations come increasing opportunities for innovation.
This is when the projection population show exponential growth; sometimes shape as a ___ curve. This is important because if the population grows exponentially our resource use will go up exponentially and so will our use as well as a greater demand for food and more.
The average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given current social, economic, and medical conditions. Life expectancy at birth is the average number of years a newborn infant can expect to livee
English economist: Said that population tends to increase more rapidly than food supplies. Right becasue population is growing rapidly. Wrong becasue even though population is high, world food production has grown at a faster rate than the NIR
Natalism pro and anti
Pro - Concerned with promoting population growth
Anti - erned with limiting population
They support international programs for population limitation through birth control and family planning.
Many "___", advocate "Zero Population Growth" in which the number of births and immigrants are equally counteracted by the number of deaths and emigrants.
The number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living.
The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.
is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place (usually a municipality) and any suburbs linked by continuous urban area.
region is a geographical point that describes a centerpoint of the region's population.
A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex.
referring to levels of childbearing. It is normally presented as being around 2.1 children per woman.
DEF - traces the cyclical movement upwards and downwards in a graph. So named for its shape as the letter "___"
The number of males per 100 females in a population
Zero population growth
the maintenance of a population at a constant level by limiting the number of live births to only what is needed to replace the existing population.