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Y103 Chapter 1
Terms in this set (55)
How do rules fit into the concept of "who gets what and how"?
Rules can be thought of as the "how"
In the relationship between politics and government, ___________
politics is the process or activity through which power is gained and lost, whereas government is a system for exercising authority over a body of people
According to some elite theorists of democracy, low American voter turnout would be best illustrated by which of the following statements?
Decisions are made by leaders, so voter participation in elections doesn't matter
Anarchists value ______.
liberty over order and security
According to social contract theory, government requires a contractual agreement among citizens because ______.
citizens are free and self-interested individuals who require a contract to regulate their collective lives
Athenian democracy was based on direct participation by citizens in governing for all of the following reasons EXCEPT this one:
Athenians were much more public spirited than citizens of the United States.
According to the text, why do some observers claim there is a crisis in American citizenship?
Civic virtue is taking second place to self-interest as a guiding principle of citizenship
What are the competing views of citizenship explained in the text that exist today in the United States?
One view holds that individual participation in government should be limited because human nature is overly self-interested, whereas the other view places faith in the citizen's ability to act virtuously.
Analysis is important for students of politics because ______.
it helps us understand how something works
The major goal of the text is to ______.
get students to think critically about American politics
In the definition of politics, government rules can be thought of as the "______," and power and resources can be thought of as the "_______."
Power is defined in your text as ______.
the ability to get other people to do what you want
What are the main differences between authoritarian governments and democratic governments?
How limited government is and how much power people have
In an authoritarian system, the people have ______.
obligations but no rights
The concept of republican virtue is what scholars such as Madison call the ______.
ability of democratic man to put the community's interests ahead of his own
The two competing views of citizenship that exist today in the United States see humans acting out of ______.
self-interest versus common good
The authors of the text argue that the two competing theories of citizenship can be reconciled through ______.
What are organizations called in which government power is exercised and where political struggle takes place?
In authoritarian systems ______, whereas in nonauthoritarian systems ______.
government makes substantive decisions about how people ought to live their lives, government merely guarantees that there are fair rules and leaves the rest to individual control
Which of the following reflects the type of economic system found in the United States?
Social democracy, in which government plays an enormous role in assuring substantive guarantees of fair outcomes for all citizens
All of the following statements are true concerning the Enlightenment EXCEPT this one:
It emphasized the role of God in the world.
______ refers to a particular view of how we ought to organize and live our collective lives.
Government assurances of particular outcomes or results are ______.
The absence of government and laws is a characteristic of ______.
A society in which government allows people complete economic freedom but maintains stringent social regulations to limit noneconomic behavior is ______.
The key difference between pure capitalist economies and pure socialist economies is that ______.
the market controls economic decisions in capitalist economies, whereas politicians make economic decisions in socialist economies
Athenian democracy was much like early American democracy in that ______.
participation was restricted to a small number of free men
______ can be described as a system or an organization for exercising authority over a body of people.
The major difference between anarchy and democracy is that in anarchy, ______.
there is no government
A political system in which the state holds all power over the social order is ______.
American democracy differs from Athenian democracy primarily because ______.
the United States uses elected representatives to make public policy, whereas Athens had a more participatory democracy for its few citizens
The doctrine that society is based on an agreement between government and the governed, in which people agree to give up some rights in exchange for the protection of others, is called ______.
social contract theory
When those in government exercise power recognized by citizens as right and proper, they are exercising ______.
The central democratic institution of the elite theory of democracy is ______.
the electoral process
The market controls economic decisions in a ______ economy.
What was the effect of the Protestant Reformation on European politics?
The Catholic Church lost religious and political clout, paving the way for new political ideas about the source of legitimacy for governments.
The theory of democracy that leads to the most negative view of low voter turnout is the ______.
The first Western democracy was in ______.
In socialist economies, control over economic decisions is exercised by ______.
Theories of democracy differ according to ______.
what role the people play in the system
The Enlightenment led to the theory that government is based on ______.
a social contract
According to the social contract, what is the source of government's legitimacy?
Individuals who are obliged to submit to a government authority against which they have no rights are ______.
Government in which citizens choose members of a legislature to make policy, rather than making it themselves, was favored by Madison and included in the Constitution because ______.
direct government by citizens was impractical and was believed to be less likely to produce good public policy
The major difference between the elitist, pluralist, and participatory theories of democracy is related to the ______.
role of the people in decision making
Many European countries follow the theory of ______, which is a hybrid system combining a capitalist economy and a government that supports equality.
A theory of democracy that holds that citizens should actively and directly control all aspects of their lives is ______.
What is the most basic obligation of a citizen in a democracy?
to obey the law
The central concept of the pluralist theory of democracy is that the following is the key to political power:
citizen participation in groups
Which of the following countries is an advanced industrial democracy?
The United States
One of the reasons that the founders did not give too much political influence to ordinary citizens was ______.
the founders had relatively low expectations of the ordinary citizen
James Madison thought that average citizens ______.
were not likely to put the community's interests above their individual interests
Politics is defined in your text as ______.
who gets what when and how
The break with the Roman Catholic Church in the 1500s that helped pave the way for new ideas about the world was ______.
the Protestant Reformation
The role of citizens is limited to choosing among competing leaders in the ______ theory of democracy.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Y103 Chapter 2
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Y103 Chapter 3
Y103 Chapter 4
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