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REGI - definitions (EN-EN)

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Cohesion Funds (CF)
Set up in 1993 to provide financial help for projects in the field of environment and transport infrastructure. Finance from the Fund goes only to the four poorer Community countries (Ireland, Greece, Spain and Portugal). The aim being to reduce the disparities between EU members' economies.
Community Support Framework (CSF)
Co-ordinates EU regional activities, occasionally involving the four structural funds (ERDF, ESF, EAGGF, FIFG) and the EIB. In each case, however, the projects must be incorporated into plans already developed by national authorities, regional authorities and their economic partners.
Development Programmes
Each Member State concludes an agreement with the European Commission known as an Operational Programme (OP) or Single Programming Document (SPD). These agreements cover several years and are designed to be put into practice by the national and regional authorities designated by the Member States. These authorities also select the specific projects for financing. However, the European Commission works together with the responsible authorities on the programmes' Monitoring Committees.
Economic & Social Cohesion
This policy was incorporated in The Maastricht Treaty which established the European Community. It is an expression of solidarity between the Member States and regions of the European Union. This means balanced and sustainable development, reducing structural disparities between regions and countries and promoting equal opportunities for all individuals. In practical terms it is achieved by means of a variety of financing operations, principally through the Structural Funds. Every three years the European Commission must present a report on progress made in achieving economic and social cohesion and on how the various means provided for in the Treaty have contributed to it.
European Regional Development fund (ERDF)
The ERDF is one of four EU's Structural Funds and is intended to help reduce imbalances between regions of the Community. The Fund was set up in 1975 and grants financial assistance for development projects in the poorer regions. In terms of financial resources, the ERDF is by far the largest of the EU's Structural Funds.
Implementing Body
Refers to agencies and bodies responsible for administering individual schemes, usually at measure or sub-measure level. Examples might include Government Departments, Local Authorities, FÁS, Enterprise Ireland, and the County/City Enterprise Boards.
Interreg III
This community initiative promotes cross-border, transnational and interregional co-operation, i.e. the creation of partnerships across borders to encourage the balanced development of multi-regional areas (financed by the ERDF).
Leader+
A Community initiative for rural development under the Structural Funds. Leader offers assistance for the economic development of rural communities in the regions where structures are weakest. The main focus is on organising rural development, helping people to gain new qualifications, promoting rural tourism, supporting small but innovative firms and promoting high-value farm products (financed by the EAGGF Guidance Section).
Managing Authority
It means any public or private authority or body at national, regional or local level designated by the Member State, or the Member State when it is itself carrying out this function, to manage assistance from the Structural Funds. If the Member State designates a managing authority other than itself, it shall determine all the modalities of its relationship with the managing authority and of the latter's relationship with the Commission. If the Member State so decides, the managing authority may be the same body as the paying authority for the assistance concerned.
Measure
A sub-set of a Sub-Programme.
National Development Plan (NDP)
Refers to the Plan submitted by Government to the European Commission in 1999 on priorities for investment in the 2000-2006 period. Two earlier N.D.P.s have been submitted (for 1989-93 and 1994-99).
NGOs
Non-Governmental Organisations
NUTS
The nomenclature of territorial units for statistics (NUTS) was created by the European Office for Statistics (Eurostat) in order to create a single and coherent structure of territorial distribution. It has been used in the Community legislation pertaining to the Structural Funds since 1988. The current nomenclature subdivides countries of the European Union into NUTS level 1 territorial units, NUTS level 2 territorial units (Objective 1) and NUTS level 3 territorial units (Objective 2)
Objective 1
Objective 1 of the Structural Funds is the main priority of the European Union's cohesion policy. In accordance with the treaty, the Union works to "promote harmonious development" and aims particularly to "narrow the gap between the development levels of the various regions". This is why more than 2/3 of the appropriations of the Structural Funds (more than EUR 135 billion) are allocated to helping areas lagging behind in their development ("Objective 1") where the gross domestic product (GDP) is below 75% of the Community average.
Objective 2
Objective 2 of the Structural Funds aims to revitalise all areas facing structural difficulties, whether industrial, rural, urban or dependent on fisheries. Though situated in regions whose development level is close to the Community average, such areas are faced with different types of socio-economic difficulties that are often the source of high unemployment
Operational Programme (OP)
means the document approved by the Commission to implement a community support framework and comprising a consistent set of priorities comprising multi-annual measures. An integrated operational programme means an OP financed by more than one fund.
Paying Authority
It means one or more national, regional or local authorities or bodies designated by the Member State for the purposes of drawing up and submitting payments applications and receiving payments from the Commission. The Member State shall determine all the modalities of its relationship with the paying authority and of the latter's relationship with the Commission.
Programming Period
Structural Fund expenditure is based on multi-annual development programmes covering specific periods. The current programming period lasts from 2000-2006. Previous programming periods have covered the years 1989-93 and 1994-99.
Regulation
Regulations are the strongest form of Community legislation. They have general application, are binding in their entirety and are directly applicable in all Member States.
Single Programming Document (SPD)
single document approved by the European Commission and containing the same information to be found in a community support framework and operational programme
SMEs
Small to Medium-Sized Enterprises - less than 250 employees ...
Structural Funds (SF)
The EU's Structural Funds are administered by the Commission to finance Community structural aid. They comprise the guidance section of EAGGF for agriculture, the regional fund for structural aid under the regional policy (ERDF), the social fund for social policy measures (ESF), and the Financial instrument for Fisheries (FIFG). Financial support from the Structural Funds mainly goes to the poorer regions to strengthen the Union's economic and social cohesion so that the challenges of the single market can be met right across the EU.
Sub-Measure
A sub-set of a Measure
Sub-Programme
A sub-set of an Operational Programme (OP)
Sustainable Development (SD)
The concept of sustainable development refers to a form of economic growth which satisfies society's needs in terms of well being in the short, medium and -above all- long terms. It is funded on the assumption that development must meet today's needs without jeopardising the prospects of future generations. In practical terms, it means creating the conditions for long-term economic development with due respect for the environment. The Copenhagen world summit for sustainable development (March 1995) stressed the need to combat social social exclusion and protect public health.
Urban II
This community initiative concentrates its support on innovative strategies to regenerate cities and declining urban areas (financed by the ERDF).