48 terms

Camera Introduction (Shots/Moves)

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

pan
horizontal (side to side) movement of the
camera on the mount
pan left
turn the camera so the lens turns or
points further to the left
pan right
turn the camera so the lens turns
or points further to the right
truck
move the camera and the mount to the side
truck left
to move the camera and the
mount to the left with the camera pointing
forward
truck right
to move the camera and the
mount to the right with the camera pointing
forward
arc
moving the camera and the mount in a curve
usually around an object or subject
tilt
to point the camera up or down
tilt up
tilt the camera so the lens slowly
points further up
tilt down
to tilt the camera so the lens
slowly points further down
pedestal (ped)
to raise or lower the
camera on a mount
pedestal (ped) up
raise the camera
pedestal (ped) down
lower the camera
dolly
to move the camera and the mount toward
or away from and object or subject
dolly in (push in)
to move the camera on the mount
toward an object or subject
dolly out (pull back)
to move the camera on the mount
away from an object or subject
zoom
(A lens movement) changing the focal length of the lens
zoom in
the subject appears to get bigger
and closer
zoom out
the subject appears to get smaller
and further away
tongue
moving the camera to the left or right while
using a crane
crane (boom)
elevating or lowering the camera while using
a crane or jib
crab
sideways movement of the crane
vertigo zoom (dolly zoom)
a technique wherein the camera is dollied either forward or backward while the zoom on the lens is pulled in the opposite direction
extreme long shot (ELS)
includes the talent and the surroundings
long shot (LS)
includes the talent from head to toe
medium shot (MS)
includes the talent from around the waist to the top of the head
close up (CU)
includes just the head and shoulders
extreme close up (ECU)
full face or closer
medium close up
also called a bust shot
over the shoulder shot (OTS)
a two shot with the subject's face showing and the other character's back of the shoulder
head room
the space between the top of the subject's head and the top of the screen frame
proper head room
determined by applying the rule of thirds horizontally and placing the subject's eyes at the upper line
lead room
the amount of space between subject and the edge of the screen they are facing
walking room
the amount of space needed between the subject and the edge of the screen for the subject to walk into
merger
background object that appears to be joined to the subject in the shot
tilting horizon
when the horizon line is somewhat diagonal
screen area
space inside the frame to be filled intentionally
screen size
aspect ratio of 16:9 widescreen or 4:3 standard
positioning
determining where in the frame the subject is placed
closure
the idea that a line or lines are seen in a shot by connecting certain points in the image
depth (of field)
how much of the image is in focus (shallow or deep)
objective shot
establishing, distant shot, the camera watches the scene
subjective shot
the camera is used as the eyes of the talent
field of view
the part of the scene that is visible through a particular lens
follow focus
controlling the focus continuously whether or not the camera and/or subject move
natural cutoff lines
the imaginary lines formed by body joints, the eyes, and mouth
perspective
the point of view of the camera, how the camera is being used
presentational perspective
the camera is the audience and the talent speaks directly to the camera