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True/False: To commit an intentional tort, a person must intend the consequences of his or her act or know with substantial certainty that certain consequences will result.
False; fear of immediate
True/False: A reasonable apprehension or fear of harmful or offensive contact in the distant future is an assault.
True/False: Conversion is wrongfully taking or retaining an individual's personal property and placing it in the service of another.
True/False: An ordinary person standard determines whether allegedly negligent conduct resulted in a breach of a duty of care.
True/False: Bona fide competitive behavior can constitute wrongful interference with a contractual relationship.
True/False: An internet service provider is not normally liable for its users defamatory remarks.
True/False: Internet service providers are liable for the defamatory remarks of those who use their services.
cause in fact
Driving a car negligently, Rollo crashes into a utility pole. The pole falls, smashing through the roof of a house, killing Silky. But for Rollo's negligence, Silky would not have died. Regarding the death,
Hector, an engineer, supervises the construction of a new house. When the house collapses due to faulty work, the injured parties sue Hector. As a professional, Hector is held to the same standard of care as...
any third person
Dante send a letter to Ella in which he falsely accusses her of embezzling. This is defamation only if the letter is read by
even if Nina was only slightly at fault
Nina is injured in a truck accident and sues Opal, alleging negligence. Opal claims that Nina was driving carelessly. Comparative negligence may reduce Nina's recovery...
trespass to personal property
Online Company is an Internet service provider. Ads Unlimited Inc., spams OC's customers, some of whom then cancel OC's services. Ads Unlimited is liable for...
Lonnie does not have Myra's permission to drive on her land
Lonnie drives across Myra's land. This is a trespass to land only if...
force that is reasonably necessary
Pam believes that Quinn is about to hit her. To prevent harmful contact in this situation, Pam may use...
Ricky accuses Sara of fraud. Normally, the reliance that gives rise to fraud based on a statement of...
wrongful interference with a business relationship
Melvin, a wholesale dairy products salesperson, follows Nadine, another wholesale dairy products salesperson, as he contacts his customers. Melvin solicits each of Nadine's customers. Melvin is most likely liable for...
confined or restrained by another person intentionally and without justification.
If you are falsely imprisoned, you are:
infliction of emotional distress
If Sal sends Max a high-priority e-mail message telling Max that his wife has just died, when in fact Sal knows this is untrue, Max may be able to sue Sal for:
A lack of intent to cause reliance on the misrepresentation.
Which of the following is not an element of the tort of fraudulent misrepresentation?
With permission, you walk across your neighbor's land.
Which of the following would not constitute trespass to land?
If a dentist violates his or her duty of care to you by negligently cracking two of your teeth, you may be able to sue the dentist for:
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