32 terms

Chapter 18 Section 1


Terms in this set (...)

last German Emperor and King of Prussia, who worked to build a navy as strong as the British Royal Navy
Kaiser Wilhelm II
a policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared and quickly mobilized for war
agreements or packs made between nations
What countries were part of the "Triple Entente?"
Germany, Austria-Hungry, and Italy
What countries were part of the "Triple Alliance?"
Britain, France, and Russia
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically. It is a quest for colonial empires
What two countries had more power in Africa, Middle East and Asia than any others?
Great Britain and France
the belief that people should be loyal to their own country, culture, and/or ethnic group, rather than to a ruler or empire
Germany's plan to defeat Russia and France in a two front war, have to knock out one of the two first
Schlieffen Plan
Who had ruled the Balkan Peninsula for 100 years?
Ottoman Empire
What Balkan country especially resented Austro-Hungry taking over?
As the Ottoman Empire decreased in power, what country saw it as an opportunity to take over the Balkin Peninsula?
Powder keg of Europe
Balkan Peninsula
What two areas does Serbia want?
Bosnia and Herzegovina
What event occurred that proved that the theory of alliances was wrong?
The assassination of Franz Ferdinand
Black Hand
the Serbian terrorist group that planned to assassinate Franz Ferdinand
Garrilo Princip
black hand member that killed franz ferdinand
Who does Austria Hungry blame for killing Ferdinand?
Why did Great Britain get involved in the war?
Germany invaded Belgium
What countries were the central powers?
Germany, Austria-Hungry, and Ottoman Empire
What countries were the Allied Powers?
Great Britain, France, and Russia
Who painted Doughboys First Painting that captured the spirit, optimism, and determination of young boys heading off to fight?
Frank Schoonover
war from inside trenches enemies would try killing eachother with machine guns and tanks, and poison gas
trench warfare
What was the space in between the trenches called?
"No man's land"
What was the job of the people in the front line of the trench?
to reserve or support trenches
What was the job of the people in the rear line of the trench?
recuperation/ training
When were soldiers most active? Why?
Night because they were under cover of the darkness
Who was better equipped for the war, Germany, or France?
Germany with machine guns
How did the first battle of the Marne end?
At a stalemate-neither side could advance
How did both sides end the stalemate?
Made use of new weapons/techniques
What were three new weapons in WW1?
poisonous gas, airplanes, and tanks
Battle of the Marne
battle where the British and French were able to stop the German advance in 1914