17 terms

World History Chapter 1 Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY
Prehistory
Time before written history
Hominid
Member of the group that includes human beings and earlier human like creatures
Anthropologist
Scientist who studies physical and cultural characteristics of humans and their ancestors
Paleontologist
Scientist who studies fossil remains
Archaeologist
Scientist who studies earlier peoples and cultures(digs stuff up)
Artifact
A historic object made or used by humans, such as tools, ornaments, or pottery
Radiocarbon Dating
Modern scientific method for telling the age of once living material by measuring the amount of radioactive carbon remaining in it
Nomad
Member of a group of people with no fixed home, who travel constantly to find food and water
Culture
The way of life of a given people at a given time, including language, behavior, and beliefs
Technology
The skills and knowledge used by people to make tools and do work
Domesticate
To tame animals or plants to serve human needs
Deity
a god or a goddess
Civilization
Highly organized society marked by advanced knowledge of trade, government, arts, science, and often written language
Economy
System by which goods and services are produced and distributed to meet people's needs
Artisan
Person skilled in a craft
Cultural Diffusion
The exchange of goods, ideas, and customs among different cultures
Myth
A traditional story that explains natural events