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AP Gov chapter 1 vocab
Terms in this set (21)
The institution and processes through which public policies are made for a society.
Goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must share.
The process by which we select our government leaders and what policies these leaders pursue. Politics produces authoritative decisions about public issues.
All the activities used by citizens to influence the selection of political leaders or the policies they purse. Voting is the most common but not the only means of this in a democracy. Other means include protest and civil disobedience.
Groups that have a narrow interest, tend to dislike compromise, and often draw membership from people new to politics.
The process by which policy comes into being and evolves over time. People's interests, problems, and concerns create political issues for government policymakers.
The political channels through which people's concerns become political issues on the policy agenda. Examples: elections, interest groups, the media and more.
The issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and other people actually involved in politics at any given point in time.
An issue that arises when people disagree about a problem and how to fix it.
The branches of government charged with taking action on political issues. Example: The congress, president and judicial branch
A choice that government makes in response to a political issue. A course of action taken with regard to some problems
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing government so that policy represents and responds to the public's preferences.
A fundamental principal of tradition democratic theory. In a democracy, choosing among alternative requires the majority's desire to be represented
A principle of traditional democratic theory that guarantees rights to those who do not belong to majorities and allows that they might join majorities through persuasion and reasoned argument.
A basic principal of tradition democratic theory that describes the relationship between the few leaders and many followers.
A theory of government and politics emphasizing that politics is mainly a competition among groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policies.
elite and class theory
A theory of government and politics contending that societies are divided amount class lines and that an upper-class elite will rule, regardless of the formal niceties of government organization.
A theory of government and politics contending that groups are so strong that government is weakened.
A condition that occurs when no coalition is strong enough to form a majority and establish policy. The result is that nothing may get done.
gross domestic product
The sum total of the value of all the goods and services produced in a nation.
The belief that individuals should be left on their own by the government.
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