30 terms

Git Advanced

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Lists all new or modified files to be commited
$ git status
Shows file differences not yet staged
$ git diff
Snapshots the file in preparation for versioning
$ git add [file]
Shows file differences between staging and the last file version
$ git diff --staged
Unstages the file, but preserve its contents
$ git reset [file]
Records file snapshots permanently in version history
$ git commit -m "[descriptive message]"
Creates a new local repository with the specified name
$ git init [project-name]
Downloads a project and its entire version history
$ git clone [url]
Lists all local branches in the current repository
$ git branch
Creates a new branch
$ git branch [branch-name]
Switches to the specified branch and updates the working directory
$ git checkout [branch-name]
Combines the specified branch's history into the current branch
$ git merge [branch]
Deletes the specified branch
$ git branch -d [branch-name]
Deletes the file from the working directory and stages the deletion
$ git rm [file]
Removes the file from version control but preserves the file locally
$ git rm --cached [file]
Changes the file name and prepares it for commit
$ git mv [file-original] [file-renamed]
Lists version history for the current branch
$ git log
Lists version history for a file, including renames
$ git log --follow [file]
Shows content differences between two branches
$ git diff [first-branch]...[second-branch]
Outputs metadata and content changes of the specified commit
$ git show [commit]
Undoes all commits a er [commit], preserving changes locally
$ git reset [commit]
Discards all history and changes back to the specified commit
$ git reset --hard [commit]
Downloads all history from the repository bookmark
$ git fetch [bookmark]
Combines bookmark's branch into current local branch
$ git merge [bookmark]/[branch]
Uploads all local branch commits to GitHub
$ git push [alias] [branch]
Downloads bookmark history and incorporates changes
$ git pull
Temporarily stores all modified tracked files
$ git stash
Restores the most recently stashed files
$ git stash pop
Lists all stashed changesets
$ git stash list
Discards the most recently stashed changeset
$ git stash drop
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