38 terms

English 30-1 Literary Terms Set 1

For studying with Aidan
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Terms in this set (...)

Irony
the contrast between what is and what is expected, a discrepancy between appearance and reality
Dramatic Irony
a discrepancy of meaning occurring when the reader or viewer is aware of something that one or more of the characters are not; the difference between what the character understands and what the audience understands
Satire
a literary genre characterized by the use of wit, irony, mockery, and sarcasm to attack human vices and shortcomings, usually with an intent to bring about improvement
Juxtaposition
two different images placed side by side for contrast
Symbol
in literature, any character, object, situation, action, or event that has a second meaning in addition to its literal meaning
Sarcasm
words that mock or ridicule with the intent to hurt; a remark that means the opposite of what it says and is intended to mock
Protagonist
the main character of the story or drama
Antagonist
the person group or force opposing the protagonist
Static Character
a character who remains unchanged over the course of the story
Flat Character
a minor character with only one apparent quality
Stock Character
a character recognizable mainly for his or her conformity to a standard ("stock") dramatic stereotype
Character Foil
a character with a personality trait that contrasts with a trait of another character in order to highlight that character
Imagery
vivid descriptions that appeal directly to one or more of the sense of sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch, and movement
Unity
maintaining the focus of a piece of writing; staying with a main topic
Allusion
a reference to a significant figure, event, place, or literary work that the writer expects the reader to recognize
Diction
the choice and use of words in speech and writing
Setting
the time and place in which a story takes place
Logos
an appeal to logic, and it is a way of persuading an audience by reason
Ethos
an appeal to ethics, and it is a means of convincing someone of the character or credibility of the persuader
Pathos
an appeal to emotion, and is a way of convincing an audience of an argument by creating an emotional response
Tone
an attitude of a writer toward a subject or an audience, generally conveyed through the choice of words or the viewpoint of a writer on a particular subject
Soliloquy
an act of speaking one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers, especially by a character in a play
Comic Relief
a humourous episode in a dramatic or literary work that is meant to offset more serious content
Topic Sentence
a sentence that expresses the main idea of the paragraph in which it occurs
Denotation
the literal or dictionary definition of a word
Connotation
an idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal meaning
Tragic Flaw
the character flaw that causes the downfall of a protagonist in a tragedy
Parallelism
using elements in sentences that are grammatically similar or identical ("parallel") in structure, sound, meaning, or meter
Implicit
something that is suggested or understood, without being directly stated
Dramatic Purpose
all aspects of a work of fiction (character, plot, setting, etc.) are deliberately chosen by the author to express something: nothing is left to chance
Foreshadowing
a literary device in which a writer gives an advance hint of what is to come later in the story
Analogy
a comparison in which an idea or a thing is compared to another thing that is quite different from it. It aims at explaining that idea or thing by comparing it to something that is familiar
Deductive reasoning / deduction
also known as "top down" reasoning, one starts with a theory or an argument and then works down to a conclusion based on evidence/observation
Inductive reasoning / induction
also known as "bottom up" reasoning, one starts with an observation or a question, then works up to a theory or an argument
Anecdote
a short and interesting or funny story within a longer story, often meant to illustrate a point
Rhetoric
the art of persuasive speaking or writing, often using figures of speech
Characterization
the creation of convincing characters in a work of literary fiction
Rhetorical Question
a thought-provoking question that not meant to be answered