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Terms in this set (35)
solutes can be classified as ______________ (no ions formed) or ______________
are ionic solutes polar or non-polar?
___________ solutes can range from non-polar to highly polar
is water molecular or ionic?
the positive and negative character of water are due to the _______ electronegativity of the oxygen atom and the ________ electronegativity of the hydrogen atoms
Like Dissolves Like
what is the basic rule of solubility
water would be expected to be the best solvent for ___________ compounds, which are the height of polarity
the __________ the bonds between two elements, the more soluble they are
the stronger the bonds between two elements, the ______ soluble they are
substances whose aqueous solutions conduct an electrical current
the conductivity of electrolytes is due to the presence of ________________
acids, bases, and salt (and most anhydrides) are...
Strong electrolytes are 100% __________ in _______; weak electrolytes are less than 100% (often much less)
when solutions of two water-soluble substances are mixed and the resulting chemical reaction produces a substance that is not soluble in water
Double Displacement Reaction
a precipitation reaction is one type of....
ions that are cancelled out in precipitation reactions
H2O, Non-Electrolytes, Solids, Weak Acids and Bases
in the ionic and net ionic equations, what substances are always written in molecular form?
what is the format of a neutralization reaction
pH = ... or ...
[H+] = ________ = _________
[OH-] = __________
[H⁺][OH⁻] = ____________ at _______ ⁰C
pH+pOH = ______ at _______ ⁰C
Oxidation Number: Hydrogen is usually ____ in compounds
Oxidation Number: Oxygen is usually ______ in compounds
Oxidation Number: For substances in the elemental state, the oxidation number is 0 for monatomic ions, the oxidation number is the __________ on the ion
the reactant that contains the element reduced
the reactant that contains the element oxidized
what kind of equation is this:
attained when the rate of the forward reaction is equal to the rate of the reverse reaction
precipitation reactions are not _______________
what is the format of a neutralization reaction?
titration is a part of what kind of reaction?
single displacement reactions are always...
the formation of the _______________ is the driving force for a precipitation reaction; the formation of ___________ is the driving force for a neutralization reaction
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