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Terms in this set (43)
λ is the symbol for...
v is the symbol for...
1 meter = _____ Angstrom Units
Speed of Light
c is the symbol for...
Energy of a Photon in Joules
E is the symbol for...
a packet of radiation
the three equations for wavelengths
Energy of a Mole of Photons
energy of a photon x Avogardro's Number = ...
what is the range of visible light in nanometers
how many nanometers are in red light?
how many nanometers are in violet light?
Decreasing Wavelength: __________ Energy, ___________ Frequency
_____ Wavelength: Low Energy, Low Frequency
if an atom __________ energy, the electrons can use this energy to move to a higher energy level
when enough energy is absorbed by the atom that an electron(s) are removed completely from the atom
when an atom ______ energy, the electrons fall to a lower energy level
if the electrons are in the "normal" energy state in an atom, we say that they are in the __________ state
if they are in higher energy states, they are in an ____________ state
the equation for the hydrogen atom (don't worry about the signs)
when light is passed through a prism, the result is a "rainbow" of colors;" this is a.....
transitions of electrons from one energy level to another in an atom produce _______________, since only certain ∆E values (and frequencies and wavelengths) are possible
determines the main energy level (main shell) in which the electron is found
Angular Momentum Quantum Number
l is the symbol for...
determines the sub-energy level in which the electron is located
0 to (n-1)
for a given n value, l can have values ranging from....
for a main energy level of a given n, there are...
Magnetic/Orbital Quantum Number
m is the symbol for...
determines the orbital in which the electron is located
-l to +l, including 0
for a given sub-energy level with quantum number l, m can have values ranging from...
for a sub-energy level of a given l, there are _________ orbitals
+, -; +1/2, -1/2; ↑,↓
for a given orbital with its two electrons, the spins are...
Pauli Exclusion Principle: no two electrons in an atom can have exactly the same set of _______ quantum numbers
there can be a maximum of _____ electrons in a main energy level with principal quantum number n
Shape: l = 0 (_____ sub-energy level) (_____ orbitals)
Shape: l = 1 (_____ sub-energy level) (_____ orbitals)
Shape: l =2 (___ sub-energy level) (_____ orbitals)
Shape: l=3 (___ sub-energy level) (_____ orbitals)
Shape: l=4 (____ sub-energy level) (_____ orbitals)
λ is measured in these units
s⁻¹/cycles per second/Hertz (Hz)
v is measured in these units
what value of n is closest to the nucleus
how many electrons are in one orbital?
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