CHAPTER 29 UV GELS
Terms in this set (57)
A type of nail enhancement product that hardens when exposed to a UV light source.
- rely on ingredients from the monomer liquid and polymer powder chemical family.
Why study UV Gels?
1. Clients interested in them.
2. Will allow you to choose the best system and products.
3. Understanding of how UV Gels are made, applied, and cured will create safe and efficient service.
4. Build clientele; on services, maintenance and removal.
ingredients are part of a subcategory of this family.
is a short chain of monomer liquids that is often, thick. sticky, and gel-like and that is not long enough to be considered a polymer.
UV gels can also contain monomer liquids, but they rely mostly on a related form called an _____?
What are the 2 types of Urethane?
refers to the type of starting material that is used to create the most common UV get resins.
Urethane Acrylate and Urethane Methacrylate both are?
Main ingredients used to create UV gel nail enhancements.
What chemical family is know for high abrasions resistance and durability?
Initiates the polymerization reaction.
- It takes the combination of the resin, photoinitiator, and the proper curing lamp to cause the gel to cure.
Each layer of product applied to the natural nial, nail tip, or form requires exposure to UV light to ______?
Cure which means harden
What are the different types of UV Gels:
1. Thin-viscosity gels
2. Medium-viscosity gels
3. Thick-viscosity gels
Measurement of thickness or thinness of a liquid?
Viscosity - also affects how the fluid flows
UV Gels Falls under these categories:
1. The one-color method
2. The 2-color method
One - Color method?
One color applied over the entire nail.
2 colors of resin are used to overlay the nail.
- Usually pink or white are used.
There are 3 types of UV Gels?
1. UV Bonding gels
2. UV Building Gels
3. UV Self-Leveling Gels
Types of UV gels that are add ons?
1. Pigmented UV Gels
2. UV Gel Polish
3. UV Gloss Gels
UV Bonding Gels?
are used to increase adhesion to the natural nail plate, similar to a monomer liquid and polymer powder primer.
- the increased adhesion decreases the tendency for enhancements to seperate from the natural nail.
UV Building Gels?
include any thick-viscosity resin that allows the cosmetologist to build an arch and curve to the fingernail.
- Reduces filing and shaping time.
Which type of gel contains fiberglass strands?
UV Building Gels.
UV Self-Leveling Gels?
- are thinner in consistency than building gels, allowing them to settle and level during application.
- Used to enhance thickness of the overlay while providing a smoother surface.
-use as a 2nd coat.
Pigmented UV Gels?
- are building and self-leveling gels that include color pigment.
UV Gel Polish?
- is a very thin-viscosity UV gel that is usually pigmented and packaged in a pot or a polish bottle; it is used as an alternative to traditional nail lacquers.
- Must cure in the UV light.
UV Gloss Gels?
a.k.a. sealing gel/finishing gel/shine gel
- is used over the finished UV gel application to create a high shine, in much the same way a top coat would be applied over colored nail polish. (no buffing)
2 types of UV Gloss gels?
1. Traditional Gloss Gels
2. Tack - Free Gloss
Traditional Gloss Gels?
Cure with a sticky inhibition layer that requires cleaning.
Cure to a high shine without the inhibition layer.
Tacky surface left on the nail after a UV gel has cured.
is the amount of colored pigment concentration in a gel, making it more or less difficult to see through.
If a UV gel has a high degree of opacity, the UV gel will be ____________________.
better able to camouflage the nail.
If a UV gel has a low degree of opacity, the nail will ________________.
more clearly show through.
What supplies are needed for UV Gel?
-UV gel light -unit - Brush
-UV gel primer or bonding gel - UV Gel
-Nail Adhesive - Nail cleanser or primer
-Abrasives files and buffers - A cleansing solution
-Lint-free cleansing wipes
UV gel light-unit?
needs to produce correct amount of UV light needed to properly cure the nail enhancement product.
Choose synthetic brushes with small, flat (or oval) bristles to hold and spread the UV gel.
UV Gel Primer or Bonding Gel?
To improve adhesion of UV gels to the natural nail plate.
Should include pigmented gel(s) for a 1-color or 2-color service. Also includes a gel that creates a gloss, depending upon the gel system that you choose.
Use nail tips recommended for the UV gel nail enhancement systems.
There are many types of nail adhesives for securing preformed nail tips to natural nails. Select a type and size best suited for your work.
Nail Cleanser or Primer?
Remove surface moisture and tiny amounts of oil left on the natural nail plate.
Abrasives file and buffers?
-Select a medium (180 grit) for natural nail preparation.
-Choose a fine abrasive (240-grit) for smoothing.
-Choose a fine buffer (350-grit or higher) for finishing.
A Cleansing Solution?
Usually contains isopropanol, and they may contain additional solvents.
If the client has flat fingernails what type of gel would you need to perform?
Building to create an arch and curve.
If the client has fingernail with arch and curve, then what type of Gel would you need to use?
If client repeatedly returns with broken enhancements then a gel with ___________ would be best.
UV Light Units and Lamps?
a.k.a. UV light bulb
-is a special bulb that emits UV light to cure UV gel nail enhancements.
UV Light Unit?
a.k.a. UV light
-is a specialized electronic device that powers and controls UV lamps to cure UV gel nail enhancements.
What are some differences between UV lamp and UV light unit?
-the number of lamps in the unit.
-the distance the lamps are from the bottom of the unit.
-the size of the unit.
(all these factors affect the curing power of the unit.)
is the measure of how much electricity the lamp consumes, much like miler per gallon.
36 watts = 4 lamps x 9 watts
How often will you need to changed the UV lamps?
2-3 times a year
What is the most common size lamp?
What will happen if the gel is not cured completely?
It will crack, lift and separate from the nail.
What are some advantages to the UV gels?
- they do not dry-they cure
-the polish does not thicken over time because the solvent does not evaporate.
How can you remove the gels?
typically file the polish off, either by hand, using an abrasive, or by using an electric file.
-soakable UV gel polishes are removed by soaking the nails in acetone for 5-10 minutes to soften them, then easily scrape off the polish with a wooden stick.
Hard UV Gels?
a.k.a. Traditional UV Gels
- cannot be removed with a solvent and must be filed off the natural nail to be removed.
Soft UV Gels?
a.k.a. Soakable Gels
-are removed by soaking in acetone.
How often will you need to preform maintenance on the uv gels?
Every 2-3 weeks. Depending on the clients nail growth.