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60 terms

APUS Chapter 8

STUDY
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False
(True/False) George Washington was chosen commander of the American army primarily because of his military abilities and experience.
False
(True/False) Following the Battle of Bunker Hill, King George and the Continental Congress made one last attempt at reconciliation.
True
(True/False) The American army that invaded Canada falsely believed the oppressed French Canadians would join them in revolt and make Canada the fourteenth state.
False
(True/False) Tom Pain's Common Sense was most important because it pushed the colonies into violent rebellion against the king as well as against Parliament.
True
(True/False) The Declaration for Independence was especially important because it enable the Americans to appeal for direct aid from France.
True
(True/False) American militiamen proved politically very effective in pushing their apathetic or neutral fellow citizens into supporting the Patriot cause.
True
(True/False) The Loyalists considered the "Patriots" to be the traitors to their country and themselves to be the true patriots.
False
(True/False) Most Loyalists were executed from the country after the Patriot victory.
False
(True/False) The Loyalists were strongest in New England and Virginia.
True
(True/False) General Burgoyne's defeat at Saratoga in 1777 was critical for the American cause because it led to the alliance with France.
True
(True/False) Americans' enlightened revolutionary idealism made them reluctant to enter into a military and political alliance with monarchial France.
True
(True/False) During much of the Revolutionary War, the British controlled cities like New York, Boston, Philadelphia, and Charleston, while the Americans conducted their campaigns primarily in the countryside.
False
(True/False) At Yorktown, the Americans finally showed that they could win an important battle without French assistance.
False
(True/False) American diplomats were successful in guaranteeing American political independence but failed to gain the territorial concessions they wanted.
True
(True/False) American success in the Revolutionary War and the peace treaty was due in significant measure to political developments in Europe.
their rights within the British Empire
During the period of fighting between April 1775 and July 1776, the colonists claimed that their goal was to restore...
integrity, courage, and moral forcefulness.
George Washington proved to be an especially effective commander of American forges in the Revolution because of his...
Canada
The bold American military strategy that narrowly failed in December 1775 involved an invasion of _____________ by generals Arnold and Montgomery.
loyalty to the British cause and ended up deserting.
Many of the German Hessian soldiers hired by King George III to fight for the British had little...
their own experience with local and colonial democratic governance had prepared them for the idea
Thomas Paine's appeal for a new republic form of government attracted many Americans because...
an independent and republican America separate from Britain
Pains Common Sense was crucial in convincing many Americans that what they should fight for was...
conservative well off Americans
The Loyalists were particularly strong among...
General Benedict Arnold
Besides George Washington, the most militarily effective American officer in the early campaigns of 1776 and 1777 was
French assistance to the Revolutionary cause.
The Battle of Saratoga was a key turning point of the War for Independence because it brought about crucial...
the practical self-interest of needing assistance to defeat the British
The primary reason that AMericans were willing to enter a military and diplomatic alliance with France in 1778 was...
in the Carolinas
The British especially relied on the numerous Loyalists to aid the in fight the Patriots, where?
contain westward American expansion
Most of the Six Nations of Iroquois under Joseph Brant fought against the American revolutionaries because they believed that a victorious Britain would...
the French navy under Admiral de Grasse
The British defeat at Yorktown was brought about by George Washington's army and...
to acquire only the territory east of the Appalachian Mountains
In the peace negotiations at Paris, the French wanted the Americans...
the desire of the weak Whig ministry in London for friendly future relations with the United States
The British yielded the Americans a generous peace treaty that included the western territories primarily because of...
congress
The body that chose George Washington commander of the Continental Army
Canada
The British colony that Americans invaded in hopes of adding it to the rebellious thirteen
Common Sense
The inflamatory pamphlet that demanded independence and heaped scorn on "the Royal Brute of Great Britain"
Declaration of Independence
The document that provided a length explanation and justification of Richard Henry Lee's resolution that was passed by Congress on July 2, 1776
Whigs
The term by which the American Patriots were commonly known, to distinguish them from the Americans "Tories"
Loyalists
Another name for American "Tories"
Anglican
The church body most closely linked with Tory sentiment, except in Virginia
Armed Neutrality
Term for the alliance of Catherine the Great of Russia and other European powers who did not declare was on Britain but assumed a hostile neautrality toward Britain
Hudson River
The river valley that was the focus of Britain's early military strategy and the scene of Burgoyne's surrender at Saratoga in 1777
South
the region that saw some of the Revolutions most bitter fighting, from 1780 to 1782, between American General Greene and British General Cornwallis
Privateers
"legaliszed pirates" more that a thousand strong, who inflicted heavy damage on British shipping.
whigs
British political party that replaced Lord North's Tories in 1782 and made a generous treaty with the United States
appalachians
the western boundary of the United States established in the Treaty of paris
Militia
The irregular American troops who played a crucial role in swaying the nuetral civilian population to the Patriot cause
Holand
the other european nation besides france and spain that supported the American Revolution by declaring war on Britain
George Washington
A wealthy Virginia of great character and leadership abilities who served the country without pay
Bunker Hill
Military engagement that led King George III officially to declare the colonists in revolt
Benedict Arnold
Brilliant American general who invaded Canada, foild Burgoyne's invasion, and then betrayed his country in 1780
Thomas Paine
A radical British immigrant who put an end to American toasts to King George
Richard Henry Lee
Fiery Virginian and author of the official resolution of July 2, 1776 formally authorizing the colonies' independence
Thomas Jefferson
Author of an explanatory indictment signed on July 4, 1776, that accused George III of establishing a military dictatorship
loyalist
Americans who fought for King George III and earned the contempt of the Patriots
General Burgoyne
Blundering British general whose slow progress south from Canada ended in disaster at Saratoga
General Howe
British general who chose to enjoy himself in New York and Philadelphia rather than vigorously pursue the American enemy
Ben Franklin
Shrewd and calculating "homespun" American diplomat who forged the alliance with France and later secured a generous peace treaty
George Rogers Clark
leader whose small force conquered key British forts in the West
John Paul Jones
American Naval commander who succesfully harassed British shipping
Saratoga
The decisive early battle of the American Revolution that led to the alliance with France
Yorktown
The British defeat that led to the fall of North's government and the end of the war
Joseph Brant
Mohawk chief who led many Iroquois to fight with Britain against American revolutionaries