23 terms

AP Language & Composition 2016-17

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Ad Hominem
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's idea.
Alliteration
Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words that are close to one another.
Allusion
A reference to a well-known person, place, or thing from literature, history, etc.
Analogy
Comparison of two similar but different things, usually to clarify an action or a relationship.
Anaphora
Repetition of a word, phrase, or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row. This is a deliberate form of repetition and helps make the writer's point more coherent.
Anecdote
A short, simple narrative of an incident, often used for humorous effect or to make a point.
Antithesis
The presentation of two contrasting images. The ideas are balanced by word, phrase, clause, or paragraph.
Aphorism
A short, often witty statement of principle or a truth about life.
Apostrophe
Usually in poetry by sometimes in prose; the device of calling out to an imaginary, dead, or absent person or to a place, thing, or personified abstraction.
Appeals
Pathos (Emotional appeal)
The aspect of a literary work that elicit sorrow or pity from the audience. An appeal to emotion that can be used as a means to persuade. Over-emotional can be the result of an excess of pathos.
Appeals
Ethos (Ethical appeal)
When a writer tries to persuade the audience to respect and believe him or her based on a presentation of image of self through the text. Reputation is sometime a factor in ethical appeal, but in all cases the aim is to gain the audience's confidence.
Appeals
Logos (Logical appeal)
Appealing to the audience through use of proper reasoning and factual information.
Allusion
He gushed about the city, as if he found Eldoroda.
Analogy
Her mouth was a megaphone projecting her thoughts, loudly.
Anaphora
She was young. She was smart. She was beautiful.
Anecdote
Family Guy is full of anecdotes, especially when Peter tells a story.
Antithesis
Her face was ugly, but her mind was beautiful.
Aphorism
"People in hell want ice water," said my Mom when I said I wanted new clothes.
Apostrophe
In Romeo and Juliet, Romeo calls out "Juliet" over her dead body
Logos (Logical Appeal)
Seven out of every ten women will be in an abusive relationship before they're thirty.
Ethos (Ethical Appeal)
Trust me, I'm a doctor.
Pathos (Emotional Appeal)
Without your donation, this puppy will die.
Ad Hominem
"Alysa wouldn't understand, because she's a Catholic."