DNA and Protein Synthesis (Ch. 12 and 13)
DNA Replication (chapter 12)
Terms in this set (12)
genetic material inherited from parents.
enzyme involved in DNA replication.
copying DNA before cell division.
Base Pairing Rules
DNA bonds can only form between adenine and thymine and between guanine and cytosine.
made up of 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
Carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acids into proteins from the DNA to the rest of the cell.
carries each amino acid to a ribosome during protein synthesis.
Combines with proteins to form ribosomes.
group of three nucleotide bases in mRNA that specify a particular amino acid to be incorporated into a protein.
Group of three bases on tRNA molecule that are complementary to the three bases of a codon on mRNA.
Synthesis of an RNA molecule from a DNA template.
Synthesis of amino acid sequence by the decoding of a mRNA molecule with the help of a ribosome and tRNA