32 terms

American Pageant Chapter 10

Key Terms
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Democratic-Republicans
Political party that was leary of a strong central government, wanted strict construction, reliance on an agricultural economy, and close ties with France.
Federalists
Political party that favored a strong central government, loose construction, emphasis on manufacturing, and a close relationship with Britain.
James Madison
Father of the Constitution; Drafted the Bill of Rights
Judiciary Act of 1789
Organized the Supreme Court, federal district and circuit courts, and created the position of Attorney General
John Jay
First chief justice of the United States
Assumption Plan
Federal government takes on the responsibility of the state debts and pays them off
Whiskey
Product that was taxed by Hamilton that was so freely traded that it was used for money
Bank of the United States
Proposed by Alexander Hamilton as the basis of his economic plan. This would be a way to collect and amass the various taxes collected. This issue brought about the issue of implied powers. It also helped start political parties, this being one of the major issues of the day.
loose construction
Federalist version of interpreting the Constitution, what the Constitution didn't forbid it permitted
Whiskey Rebellion
Rebellion in Pennsylvania against Hamilton's taxes on whiskey, much like the Stamp Act Rebellions. After crushing it, Washington gained new respect
Washington's Neutrality Proclamation
Declared that war must be avoided, as the United States was too militarily disjointed to engage in war.
Citizen Edmond Genêt
French representative who, against the Neutrality Proclamation, gathered armies against Spanish Florida, Louisiana, and Canada.
General "Mad Anthony" Wayne
American General who defeated the Miamis at the Battle of Fallen Timbers when British refused to shelter them.
Treaty of Greenville
Agreement whereby Native Americans give up vast tracts of the Old Northwest (Indiana and Idaho) in exchange for annual payments by the government.
Jay's Treaty
Agreement which said that Britain was to pay for Americans ships that were seized in 1793. It said that Americans had to pay British merchants debts owed from before the revolution and Britain had agreed to remove their troops from the Ohio Valley. Seen as a pro-British move by many Americans.
Pinckney's Treaty of 1795
Spain's hasty treaty with America, fearing an Anglo-American alliance, granting America the right to use the Mississippi River.
John Adams
Successor of George Washington, did not really try to conform to the needs of the people
Talleyrand
French foreign minister that demanded a bribe before negotiations with American diplomats.
X, Y, and Z
French go-betweens in negotiations between America and France to discuss the French mistreatment of Americans
Alien Acts
Laws against hostile or dangerous foreign immigrants, gave government power to deport or imprison immigrants in times of hostilities and in times of peace
Sedition Act
An act that prohibited and called for harsh punishment on whoever falsely defamed government officials or impeded on the policies of the government
Thomas Jefferson
Leader of the Democratic-Republicans
Alexander Hamilton
leader of the Federalists
Excise Tax
Tax on common items and used as a major source of revenue for the early Federal government, created by Hamilton
Strict Construction
Anti-Federalist version of interpreting the Constitution, Constitution should be taken word for word.
Funding at Par
Hamilton's urging the government to take over responsibility of the entire national debt (including states' debts).
Necessary and Proper
One of the most controversial clauses of the Constitution governing the power of the Congress; also referred to as the elastic clause
Implied Powers
Powers granted to Congress through interpretation of the Constitution
Hamilton's Economic Plan
Included three parts: Federal assumption of State Credit; the formation of the National Bank, and estblishing tariffs that would protect America's "infant industries".
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
Political statements drafted in 1799 and 1798 in which those state legislatures resolved NOT to abide by the Alien and Sedition Acts.
10th Amendment
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
Doctrine of Nullification
Says that States can declare null and void federal laws they deemed to be unconstitutional.
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