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all things you need to know for the midterm from chapter one and two!


deliberate or accidental transfer of meaning

intrapersonal communication

internal monolouge; we talk to ourselves, ponder our experiences, make meaning, learn about and evaluate ourselves.

interpersonal communication

interaction with another person

group communication

interaction with a limited number of others; for sharing info, developing ideas, making decisions, solving problems, supporting one another, or having fun

Public communication

Speaking to the members of an audience in order to inform them of something or persuade them to think in a certain way, so that they will act accordingly.

Mass communication

transmitting messages to large audiences through a medium- or multiple media-of broad diffusion, for the purpose of info persuasion and entertainment

Online communication

"machine assisted comm." consists of using computers and the internet to build relationships


encode messages and send them out


decode messages and take them in


media we use to carry our messages


anything that interferes with or distorts our ability to send or receive messages. internal or external


the setting in which communication takes place


verbal or nonverbal cues perceived in reaction to a message. can be positive or negative internal or external


communication is an exchange of influences, affecting the participants in some way. Its effects can be emotional, physical, cognitive, or any combination of the three.

dance's communication helix

gets bigger over time (helix)

Critical Thinking

the ability to examine ideas reflectively and decide what we should or should not believe, think, or do, given a specific set of circumstances.

"The medium is the message"


"A new technology does not simply add or subtract something, it changes everything"



a culture in which technology monopolizes the thought-world

Intercultural Communication

interpreting and sharing meanings with individuals from different cultures


the worldwide integration of humanity (McLuhan's Global Village)


the recognition and valuing of difference. Identity Diversity and Cognitive Diversity


engagement with and respect toward people from distinctly different cultures

Interracial Comm.

between members of different races

Interethnic Comm.

between people of different ethnic origins

International Comm.

between people from different political structures

Intracultural Comm.

between members of the same group

E Pluribus unum

one out of many

Melting-Pot Philosophy

the idea that immigrants to the US lose their original heritage and become Americans

Cultural Pluralism

allowing cultures to maintain their differences while coexisting in broader society

respect for uniqueness

tolerance for difference

culturally confused

to lack knowledge of cultural differences; failing to understand and acknowledge the ways cultures differ in appearance, thought processes and actions, can cause serious misunderstandings


rejecting diversity; seeing one's own culture as superior to all others

cultural relativism

striving to understand other's groups' behavior through the context of the communication, rather than solely from one's own point of view


a positive or negative pre-judgement of another group

Cultural Identity

based on the many groups to which an individual belongs: gender, age, racial/ethnic, religious, socioeconomic, national, generational


a system of knowledge, beliefs, values, customs, behaviors, and artifacts that are acquired, shared and used by its members during daily living

co culture

group within a parent culture who differ from the parent culture in one or more of the ways stated above

marginalized group

group whose members feel like outsiders


attempting to fit in, or join, with members of the dominant culture, by adopting some or all of its characteristics


an attempt to maintain cultural identity while trying to get members of the dominant culture to accept diversity

separation or reisitnace

limiting contact with the dominant culture, keeping to themselves


accepting heir position in the cultural hierarchy, going along with the majority


displaying cultural differences in an attempt to get the dominant culture to accept them as they are


intensely defend their own beliefs and traditions, making it difficult for the members of a dominant culture to ignore them

Individualistic Culture

stress individual goals "I" instead of "we"

Collectivistic Culture

stress group goals over those of the individual members

low context comm. culture

fewer taditional controls to guide them, and so display a more direct, information gathering style when meeting someone for the first time, individualistic cultures tend to use this

high context comm. culture

depend upon tradition to supply much of the meaning in their members' messages to one another. indirect subtle style of speaking is preferred, collectivistic cultures tend to use this

High power-distance cultures

superiors and subordinates are separated by their relative influence in society, with subordinates naturally deferring to their superiors

low power-distance cultures

superiors and subordinates prefer to consult with one another and subordinates may even contradict their superiors when necessary


very aware of time and schedule their time carefully, usually one task at a time. high value on punctuality


less tied to a schedule, more inclined to be diverted by distractions or multitask.

feminine culture

value tenderness in both genders and relationships and a high quality of life

masculine culture

value aggressiveness, strength, and material symbols of success

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