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Chapter 1 and 2!

all things you need to know for the midterm from chapter one and two!
STUDY
PLAY
Communication
deliberate or accidental transfer of meaning
intrapersonal communication
internal monolouge; we talk to ourselves, ponder our experiences, make meaning, learn about and evaluate ourselves.
interpersonal communication
interaction with another person
group communication
interaction with a limited number of others; for sharing info, developing ideas, making decisions, solving problems, supporting one another, or having fun
Public communication
Speaking to the members of an audience in order to inform them of something or persuade them to think in a certain way, so that they will act accordingly.
Mass communication
transmitting messages to large audiences through a medium- or multiple media-of broad diffusion, for the purpose of info persuasion and entertainment
Online communication
"machine assisted comm." consists of using computers and the internet to build relationships
senders
encode messages and send them out
recievers
decode messages and take them in
channels
media we use to carry our messages
noise
anything that interferes with or distorts our ability to send or receive messages. internal or external
context
the setting in which communication takes place
feedback
verbal or nonverbal cues perceived in reaction to a message. can be positive or negative internal or external
effect
communication is an exchange of influences, affecting the participants in some way. Its effects can be emotional, physical, cognitive, or any combination of the three.
dance's communication helix
gets bigger over time (helix)
Critical Thinking
the ability to examine ideas reflectively and decide what we should or should not believe, think, or do, given a specific set of circumstances.
"The medium is the message"
McLuhan
"A new technology does not simply add or subtract something, it changes everything"
Postman
Technopoly
a culture in which technology monopolizes the thought-world
Intercultural Communication
interpreting and sharing meanings with individuals from different cultures
Globalization
the worldwide integration of humanity (McLuhan's Global Village)
Diversity
the recognition and valuing of difference. Identity Diversity and Cognitive Diversity
Multiculturalism
engagement with and respect toward people from distinctly different cultures
Interracial Comm.
between members of different races
Interethnic Comm.
between people of different ethnic origins
International Comm.
between people from different political structures
Intracultural Comm.
between members of the same group
E Pluribus unum
one out of many
Melting-Pot Philosophy
the idea that immigrants to the US lose their original heritage and become Americans
Cultural Pluralism
allowing cultures to maintain their differences while coexisting in broader society
respect for uniqueness
tolerance for difference
culturally confused
to lack knowledge of cultural differences; failing to understand and acknowledge the ways cultures differ in appearance, thought processes and actions, can cause serious misunderstandings
Ethnocentrism
rejecting diversity; seeing one's own culture as superior to all others
cultural relativism
striving to understand other's groups' behavior through the context of the communication, rather than solely from one's own point of view
Prejudice
a positive or negative pre-judgement of another group
Cultural Identity
based on the many groups to which an individual belongs: gender, age, racial/ethnic, religious, socioeconomic, national, generational
Culture
a system of knowledge, beliefs, values, customs, behaviors, and artifacts that are acquired, shared and used by its members during daily living
co culture
group within a parent culture who differ from the parent culture in one or more of the ways stated above
marginalized group
group whose members feel like outsiders
assimilation
attempting to fit in, or join, with members of the dominant culture, by adopting some or all of its characteristics
accommodation
an attempt to maintain cultural identity while trying to get members of the dominant culture to accept diversity
separation or reisitnace
limiting contact with the dominant culture, keeping to themselves
passive
accepting heir position in the cultural hierarchy, going along with the majority
assertice
displaying cultural differences in an attempt to get the dominant culture to accept them as they are
aggressive/confrontational
intensely defend their own beliefs and traditions, making it difficult for the members of a dominant culture to ignore them
Individualistic Culture
stress individual goals "I" instead of "we"
Collectivistic Culture
stress group goals over those of the individual members
low context comm. culture
fewer taditional controls to guide them, and so display a more direct, information gathering style when meeting someone for the first time, individualistic cultures tend to use this
high context comm. culture
depend upon tradition to supply much of the meaning in their members' messages to one another. indirect subtle style of speaking is preferred, collectivistic cultures tend to use this
High power-distance cultures
superiors and subordinates are separated by their relative influence in society, with subordinates naturally deferring to their superiors
low power-distance cultures
superiors and subordinates prefer to consult with one another and subordinates may even contradict their superiors when necessary
monochromics
very aware of time and schedule their time carefully, usually one task at a time. high value on punctuality
polychromics
less tied to a schedule, more inclined to be diverted by distractions or multitask.
feminine culture
value tenderness in both genders and relationships and a high quality of life
masculine culture
value aggressiveness, strength, and material symbols of success