Chapter 1 and 2!
all things you need to know for the midterm from chapter one and two!
deliberate or accidental transfer of meaning
internal monolouge; we talk to ourselves, ponder our experiences, make meaning, learn about and evaluate ourselves.
interaction with another person
interaction with a limited number of others; for sharing info, developing ideas, making decisions, solving problems, supporting one another, or having fun
Speaking to the members of an audience in order to inform them of something or persuade them to think in a certain way, so that they will act accordingly.
transmitting messages to large audiences through a medium- or multiple media-of broad diffusion, for the purpose of info persuasion and entertainment
"machine assisted comm." consists of using computers and the internet to build relationships
encode messages and send them out
decode messages and take them in
media we use to carry our messages
anything that interferes with or distorts our ability to send or receive messages. internal or external
the setting in which communication takes place
verbal or nonverbal cues perceived in reaction to a message. can be positive or negative internal or external
communication is an exchange of influences, affecting the participants in some way. Its effects can be emotional, physical, cognitive, or any combination of the three.
dance's communication helix
gets bigger over time (helix)
the ability to examine ideas reflectively and decide what we should or should not believe, think, or do, given a specific set of circumstances.
"The medium is the message"
"A new technology does not simply add or subtract something, it changes everything"
a culture in which technology monopolizes the thought-world
interpreting and sharing meanings with individuals from different cultures
the worldwide integration of humanity (McLuhan's Global Village)
the recognition and valuing of difference. Identity Diversity and Cognitive Diversity
engagement with and respect toward people from distinctly different cultures
between members of different races
between people of different ethnic origins
between people from different political structures
between members of the same group
E Pluribus unum
one out of many
the idea that immigrants to the US lose their original heritage and become Americans
allowing cultures to maintain their differences while coexisting in broader society
respect for uniqueness
tolerance for difference
to lack knowledge of cultural differences; failing to understand and acknowledge the ways cultures differ in appearance, thought processes and actions, can cause serious misunderstandings
rejecting diversity; seeing one's own culture as superior to all others
striving to understand other's groups' behavior through the context of the communication, rather than solely from one's own point of view
a positive or negative pre-judgement of another group
based on the many groups to which an individual belongs: gender, age, racial/ethnic, religious, socioeconomic, national, generational
a system of knowledge, beliefs, values, customs, behaviors, and artifacts that are acquired, shared and used by its members during daily living
group within a parent culture who differ from the parent culture in one or more of the ways stated above
group whose members feel like outsiders
attempting to fit in, or join, with members of the dominant culture, by adopting some or all of its characteristics
an attempt to maintain cultural identity while trying to get members of the dominant culture to accept diversity
separation or reisitnace
limiting contact with the dominant culture, keeping to themselves
accepting heir position in the cultural hierarchy, going along with the majority
displaying cultural differences in an attempt to get the dominant culture to accept them as they are
intensely defend their own beliefs and traditions, making it difficult for the members of a dominant culture to ignore them
stress individual goals "I" instead of "we"
stress group goals over those of the individual members
low context comm. culture
fewer taditional controls to guide them, and so display a more direct, information gathering style when meeting someone for the first time, individualistic cultures tend to use this
high context comm. culture
depend upon tradition to supply much of the meaning in their members' messages to one another. indirect subtle style of speaking is preferred, collectivistic cultures tend to use this
High power-distance cultures
superiors and subordinates are separated by their relative influence in society, with subordinates naturally deferring to their superiors
low power-distance cultures
superiors and subordinates prefer to consult with one another and subordinates may even contradict their superiors when necessary
very aware of time and schedule their time carefully, usually one task at a time. high value on punctuality
less tied to a schedule, more inclined to be diverted by distractions or multitask.
value tenderness in both genders and relationships and a high quality of life
value aggressiveness, strength, and material symbols of success