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Terms in this set (109)
What should you do before casting off?
Don't leave the dock till the engine is warmed up.
What should everyone be wearing?
How would you cast off with no current?
Cast off lies and move slowly away from the dock.
How would you cast off with current pushing you towards the dock?
Move the boat so the bow is facing the dock and back out.
How would you cast off with current pushing you away from the dock?
Let the current pull you out and when there is clearance drive away.
What should you do to before docking?
Reduce speed to the minimum required to maintain steerage. Use reverse gear to bring the boat to a stop well away from the dock.
How do you dock with no wind?
Approach the dock at a 20 degree angle.
How do you dock with wind towards the dock?
Approach parallel to the dock and let the current do the rest?
How to approach the dock with current pulling away?
Approach the dock slowly at a sharp angle (about 40 degrees).Use reverse to stop when close to the dock. Secure the bowline.
What are the three responsibilities of every boater?
Practice good seamanship. Keep a proper lookout Maintain a safe speed .
Which operator is required to avoid collision at all costs?
Every operator is responsible for avoiding a collision. In complying with the navigation rules, operators must consider all dangers of navigation.
Every kind of watercraft capable of being used as a means of transportation on water, including seaplanes
Power driven vessel
Any vessel propelled by machinery, including a sailboat using an engine
Any vessel under sail and with no engine in use
Vessel engaged in fishing
Any vessel fishing with nets, lines, trawls, or other fishing equipment that restricts maneuverability; however, this does not include a vessel fishing with trolling lines or other fishing equipment that does not restrict maneuverability
Not anchored, tied to shore, or aground
Risk of collision
Any situation when an approaching vessel continues on a collision course (the bearing of the approaching vessel does not change), or anytime you are approaching a very large vessel
When meet head on who is the stand on vessel?
Neither they both keep right.
When paths that cross who is the stand on vessel?
The one on the operators left is the give way vessel.
The vessel that is overtaking another vessel is the give-way vessel. The vessel being overtaken is the stand-on vessel.
The vessel that is required to take early and substantial action to keep well away from other vessels by stopping, slowing down or changing course
The vessel that must maintain its course and speed unless it becomes apparent that the give-way boat is not taking appropriate action; if you must take action, do not turn toward the give-way boat or cross in front of it
When a does a sailing vessel get to be the stand on vessel?
In all situations but when the powerboat overtakes the sailing boat.?, What situations should a sailing vessel give way to?, Any vessel not under command and Any vessel restricted in its ability to maneuver and a vessel engaged in commercial fishing
Engaged in commercial fishing
Any vessel fishing with nets, lines, trawls, or other fishing equipment that restricts maneuverability; however, does not include a vessel fishing with trolling lines or other fishing equipment that do not restrict maneuverability
Any condition in which visibility is restricted by fog, mist, falling snow, heavy rainstorms, sandstorms or any other similar causes
risk of collision
Any situation when an approaching vessel continues on a collision course (the bearing of the approaching vessel does not change), or when you are approaching a very large vessel
These red and green lights are called sidelights (also called combination lights) because they are visible to another vessel approaching from the side or head-on. The red light indicates a vessel's port (left) side; the green indicates a vessel's starboard (right) side.
This white light is seen only from behind or nearly behind the vessel.
This white light shines forward and to both sides and is required on all power-driven vessels. (On power-driven vessels less than 39.4 feet in length, the masthead light and sternlight may be combined into an all-round white light; power-driven vessels 39.4 feet in length or longer must have a separate masthead light.) A masthead light must be displayed by all vessels when under engine power. The absence of this light indicates a sailing vessel because sailboats under sail display only sidelights and a sternlight.
All-Round White Light
On power-driven vessels less than 39.4 feet in length, this light may be used to combine a masthead light and sternlight into a single white light that can be seen by other vessels from any direction. This light serves as an anchor light when sidelights are extinguished.
What are inboard motor?
It is an automated engine that that is adapted to operate in marine environments.
Where are inboard engines in the boat?
They are in the mid section of the boat.
How are inboard engines steered?
By a rudder behind the engine.
What is an advantage of a stern drive?
It is more fuel efficient and is quieter.
What is another name for stern drives?
I/O or Inboard/Outboard engines.
How is an (I/O) steered?
The same way as and outboard.
What are the two types of jet drive engines are they?
Inboard and Outboard.
How is the boat propelled and steered with a jet drive?
It is propelled by forcing water out of the back of the boat and steered by directing that water.
What conditions and jet drives normally used for?
They are used for shallow water conditions.
What is a PWC?
A small vessel that uses an inboard jet drive and is made for 1 or 2 people.
What class is a PWC?
What do you need to steer in a PWC?
What is a safety lanyard?
A cord that will stop the engine if you fall off.
Device used for directing the stream of water to the left or right at the stern of the PWC, which steers the PWC
Depth of water needed to float a vessel
Screening cover over the intake, which prevents large debris from entering
Device used to pump and force water under pressure through a steering nozzle at the rear of the vessel
Where is a capacity plate located?
Near the drivers seat.
What could happen if you don't obey your capacity?
It is hard to operate and capsizing is likely.
To fill with water
Vertical surface at the back of the hull
What is a float plan?
Something that alerts others that you are going out.
What should you include in a float plan if you plan to be gone for a few days?
Names of passenger, Boat Details and your phone number.
What are the four W's of you daytrip float plan?
Who Were What Boat and When Returning
What are the basic things to before fueling?
Secure the boat. Turn of the engine and no smoking.
What are two No-No's for fueling a boat?
Don't spill and don't fill the tank to the brim.
Interior of the hull below the floorboards; lowest part of a vessel's interior where the sides of the vessel curve in to form the bottom
What to-do after your boat is full?
Secure the gas cap and make sure you didn't spill any fuel on the bilge.
What should you do before starting the engine?
Sniff the bilge and engine compartment for fumes.
What should you trailer be designed for?
What is the couple?
The object that attaches to the ball hitch.
What is the Tongue weight?
Tongue weight is the amount of the loaded trailer's weight that presses down on the towing hitch.
What are safety chains used or?
To support the coupler incase of failure.
What should you do to your boat before using a trailer?
Secure it and all objects inside of it.
What should you do to the trailer?
Inspect it and tighten lug nuts.
What should you do before launching the boat?
Transfer all equipment and supplies to the vessel then disconnect trailer lights from the towing vehicle then remove all tie-down straps before backing down the ramp but leave the trailer winch line securely attached to the vessel.
What key thing do you need to do before putting the boat into the water?
Start the engine and set the parking brake instead of foot break.
How do you put the boat back on the trailer?
With the winch but make sure then engine is off.
Wooden supports on which the vessel rests while on the trailer
What don't you us power to get an the trailer?
Because it crates propeller wash and mound of sediment.
How many people are needed to launch a boat?
Two experienced people.
What two things do you need to examine regularly?
Batteries and engines as well as your vessels hull.
Which kind of engine has more power?
A outboard engine.
What is an outboard motor?
A self containing package of all the component of the motor.
Where is an outboard motor placed?
On the transom of the boat.
Vertical surface at the back of the hull
How is a outboard motor controlled?
By a tiller or steering device.
Front of a vessel
Length of the hull excluding any attachments
Steering device, usually a vertical blade attached to the back of the boat.
Rear of a vessel
Right side of a vessel
Left side of a vessel
Body of a vessel
Upper edge of vessel's side (generally pronounced gunnel)
Metal fitting on which a rope can be fastened
Rotates and power a boat
Maximum width of a vessel
Distance from water to lowest point of the boat where water could come
Depth of water needed to float a vessel
Personal Water Crafts use an inboard jet drive as its primary source of propulsion.
Main centerline (backbone) of a vessel or the extension of hull that increases stability in the water
What are displacement hulls?
Made to cut through water with little propulsion by pushing water aside.
What are displacement hulls limited to?
What kinds of boats normally have displacement hulls?
Most large cruisers and most sailboats have displacement hulls
What are planning hulls made for?
Gliding on the water
What watercrafts have a planing hull?
PWCs and some sailboats
What types of bottoms do planing hulls?
Flat and vee-bottomed hulls.
What are the three mode of a planing hull?
Displacement Mode will cut through water like displacement hull. Plowing Mode will have a raised bow, which makes it hard to see, and it has a large wake. This mode is bad. Planing Mode which is the gliding mode.
What is a flat bottom hull?
It is a hull that can drive in shallow water but it is bad in choppy waters.
What is a Deep Vee Hulls?
It is a planing hull that is good in rough water but it could roll or bank during sharp turns.
What is a Round Bottom Hull?
A typical displacement hull that can move easily in at every speed.
What is a Multi-Hull?
It is a displacement hull that has good stability but needs lots of room to turn.
What does a vessels length dictate?
What laws it has to comply with.
How is length overall measured?
From the tipoff the bow to the stern. Attachments and motors are not included.
What is the length of a Class A
Less than 16 feet.
What is the length of a Class 1
16 to less than 26 feet.
What is the length of a Class 2
26 to less than 40 feet.
What is the length of a Class 3
40 to less than 65 feet.