Emerson is saying that to be solitary, one must fully retreat from both himself and society. He is saying that even when people are alone, they are not always in solitude. Solitude is when there is no other societal interaction, meaning that reading and writing are not solitary activities. Emerson states this in the quote, "I am not solitary whilst I read and write, though nobody is with me." Emerson proceeds to claim that when men are alone, they should simply look to the stars. The stars show mankind that there is much more out there than their own world. He gives the stars an interesting description through the quote, "to give man, in the heavenly bodies, the perpetual presence of the sublime." He is claiming that stars teach man that there is something greater in the universe, challenging the reader to think about the significance of their own life. Later in the passage, Emerson says, "If the stars should appear one night in a thousand years, how men would believe and adore." This statement shows how people no longer take the time to appreciate the stars. The stars are something humans take for granted, and he is using the example of the stars to show how people take many things for granted simply because they are always around. In the first line of this paragraph, Emerson claims that the stars will always be awe-inspiring because while they are always there, they can never really be reached. No human has reached the stars, and no one will in at least the near future. This whole idea that something can always be seen and never touched is challenging to our very human nature, since it is in this human nature to question and try to learn everything possible about the world around us. It is also in our human nature to want or desire many things. The stars in this scenario remind mankind that there will always be something completely unattainable, but that that is alright. As a human culture, we accept that we can not obtain the stars because nature holds a certain "kindred impression." Emerson claims that "nature never wears a mean appearance." Through this quote, Emerson is saying that nature cannot do anything truly bad, and that it holds a certain innocence. With its innocence, nature holds ambiguity. No one, not even the greatest scientist, will ever know everything about nature. That is something that greatly contributes to its beauty, and in a sense, its simplicity. Emerson begins this paragraph by stating that most people do not really see nature for what it is. They see only the superficial aspects, and for its most basic use. In the quote, "the lover of nature is he whose inward and outward senses are still truly adjusted to each other; who has retained the spirit of infancy even into the era of manhood," Emerson is describing someone who can really see and understand nature. Nature requires imagination, and many people lose much of that imagination as they age. Therefore, the only people who can really understand nature are those who have maintained a youthful spirit, and not allowed a loss of innocence to taint their creativity. Emerson claims that to these people nature does not cease to amaze and inspire. In the quote, "every hour and change corresponds to and authorizes a different state of the mind," Emerson discusses the bond between nature and the human spirit. Nature and the mind effect each other greatly, and find mirrors of themselves in whatever they see. Emerson also claims that nature itself does not only seem special. It can seem basic or ugly, but the fact that it is nature and shared by people is what makes it special. Emerson also claims that when one is with nature, they become "transparent." Nature takes you away from yourself while revealing your true inner nature. In the beginning of this paragraph, Emerson acknowledges that it is not only nature that has this profound impact on the world, but in fact the relationship between mankind and nature that makes it so special. This is seen in the quote, "the power to produce this delight, does not reside in nature, but in man, or in a harmony of both." Emerson also makes the point that nature is every changing, just like human emotions. One day nature can be beautiful and sunny, but the next a storm can roll in and everything will change. This is because nature reflects what someone sees in it. In the quote, "Nature always wears the colors of the spirit," Emerson is making his point through the use of the word "colors." What different people see in nature all relies on their experience and their interactions with the natural world.