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Mass Media 1
Terms in this set (64)
right to express one's ideas and opinions freely through speech, writing, and other forms of communication but without deliberately causing harm to others' character and/or reputation by false or misleading statements
A speech of Mr. John Milton for the Liberty of Unlicensed Printing To the Parliament of England
criticism of government and public dissent were not tolerated, especially if such speech undermined "the common good"
government controls the press and what it reports
social responsibility model
captures the ideals of mainstream journalism in the US and most other democracies
unofficial branch of government that watches for abuses of power by the legislative, judicial, and executive branches
encourages vigorous criticism of government and supports the highest degree of individual and press freedoms
courts and governments cannot block any publication or speech before it actually occurs
legally protects the rights of authors and producers to their published or unpublished writing, music, lyrics, TV programs, movies, or graphic art designs
give the public free access
Stop Online Piracy Act
Protect Intellectual Property Act
defamation of someone's character in written or broadcast form
reporter or editor either knew the statement was false and printed or broadcast it anyway, or acted with a reckless disregard for the truth
opinion and fair comment
notion that libel consists of intentional misstatements of factual information, not expressions of opinion
an extremely offensive work or expression (not a form of expression protected by the First Amendment)
right to privacy
a person's right to be left alone, without his or her name, image, or daily activities becoming public property
USA PATRIOT Act of 2001
further weakened the earlier laws, giving the federal government more latitude in searching private citizens' records and intercepting electronic communications without a court order
National Security Agency
placing speech restrictions on lawyers and witnesses
reporters do not have to reveal the sources of the information they sue in news stories
screened movies to determine their moral suitability for the community
put on a list of people who would subsequently not be hired by any of the movie studios
GENERAL AUDIENCES: All ages admitted; contains nothing that would offend parents when viewed by their children.
PARENTAL GUIDANCE SUGGESTED: Parents urged to give "parental guidance," as it may contain some material they may not find suitable for their young children.
PARENTS STRONGLY CAUTIONED: Parents should be cautious because some content may be inappropriate for children under the age of 13.
RESTRICTED: The film contains some adult material. Parents/guardians are urged to learn more about it before taking children under the age of 17 with them.
NO ONE 17 AND UNDER ADMITTED: Adult content. Children are not admitted.
a morally or sexually offensive quality
Section 315 of the Communications Act of 1934
The section mandates that during elections, broadcast stations must provide equal opportunities and response time for qualified political candidates
required stations to air programs about controversial issues affecting their communities and to provide competing points of view during the programs
The first champion of a free press was _______________.
___________ required stations to air controversial-issue programs and provide competing points of view.
The Fairness Doctrine
By the end of the first decade of the twenty-first century, traditional journalists were having difficulty covering stories about __________.
business practices in general
Why did the MPPDA establish a movie-rating system in the late 1960s?
Members of the public expressed renewed discontent over sexual language and imagery in movies
The __________ rating has not proved commercially viable and distributors avoid releasing films with the rating.
The Espionage Acts of 1917 and 1918 made what a crime?
Laws that protect reporters from revealing the sources they have used in news stories are called _________.
When did topless radio first emerge as a controversial radio feature?
According to a Supreme Court ruling, the FCC has the authority to stop broadcasters from airing adult content between __________ and __________.
Which of the following is a reason the Child Online Protection Act was struck down in 2007?
Because it infringed on the right to free speech online
Spurred by Jack Johnson's victory, in 1912 the government outlawed _________.
transportation of boxing movies across state lines
Which of the following is considered a citizen watchdog organization?
the Media Access Project
In response to the 1920s scandals, the movie industry formed the __________ (MPPDA).
Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America
Along with the libertarian model, which model for expression and speech characterizes the main ideals of mainstream journalism in the United States?
What Supreme Court case sided against broadcasters in 1969?
Red Lion Broadcasting Co. v. FCC
Members of movie review boards that screened films in the 1920s were made up of __________.
The version of the Constitution ratified in 1788 __________.
did not include protections for free speech
What did the Motion Picture Production Code ban from being portrayed in the movies?
Excessive and lustful kissing
Negative portrayals of religion
The decision of which Supreme Court Justice represents the first time in American history that a prior-restraint imposed in the name of national security stopped initial publication of a news report?
__________ mandated that radio broadcasters operate in "the public interest, convenience, and necessity."
The Communications Act of 1934
In 1915, the Supreme Court of the United States declared the film industry to be __________.
entertainment with "a special capacity for evil"
Criticism of government and public dissent are not tolerated in which freedom of expression model?
What Supreme Court case finally placed movies on the same footing as books and newspapers in terms of protection under the First Amendment?
Burstyn v. Wilson
A __________ legally protects the rights of authors and producers to their published or unpublished works.
Which of the following media is affected by Section 315 of the 1934 Communications Act?
Which popular silent-film actor was involved in a scandal in the early 1920s?
In an important censorship case, the Nixon administration tried to restrain publication of __________.
the Pentagon Papers
Which of the following media enjoys the most amount of protection under law?
During the recent Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, a controversial story was published that featured a writer's attempt to seemingly out gay athletes at the Games by using dating apps like Grindr or Tinder. the publication received quite a bit of backlash for the story, and has since removed the story entirely from its site. What is the publication?
In class we saw a data chart showing the amount of mobile devices used all throughout the world. Parts of the world, like North and South America and Europe, have mobile phone usage as high as 80%. Others however, like Africa, pale in comparison. What percentage of the population of Africa has mobile phones?
The Internet is currently considered __________.
a democratic forum for regional, national, and global interest groups
the one true venue for unlimited free speech under the First Amendment
a vehicle for fighting political oppression
When did the Supreme Court rule that movies were a form of protected speech?
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