25 terms

Swinson Understanding Vocabulary in Mathematics

Swinson Understanding Vocabulary in Mathematics
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Terms in this set (...)

Algorithm
a step-by-step solution to a problem;
A logical step-by-step procedure for solving a mathematical problem in a finite number of steps, often involving repetition of the same basic operation.
Absolute value
The distance from a point on the number line to zero; the absolute value is always positive.
Algebraic expression
An expression made up of three things: numbers, variables, and math operations; terms combined by an operation that has variables and numbers.
2a has a number, variable, and multiplication
a+b has two variables, and addition
Composite number
A number that can be divided evenly by numbers other than 1 or itself.
Prime number
A whole number that is divisible by only 1 & itself.
Division
splitting into equal parts or groups. It is the result of "fair sharing".
Divisor
The number you divide by.
dividend ÷ divisor = quotient in 12 ÷ 3 =4, 3 is the divisor
Dividend
The amount that you want to divide up; dividend ÷ divisor = quotient
Example: in 12 ÷ 3 = 4, 12 is the dividend.
Product
The answer to a multiplication problem. Example 2 and 3 is 6. 6 is the answer to the multiplication problem.
Factor
when whole numbers other than zero are multiplied together, each number is a factor of the product. 5 & 2 are factors of 10
Equivalent
The state of being equal. Having the same amount or value.
Example: 60 seconds = 1 minute
Fraction
Part of a whole; a number written with the bottom part (the denominator) telling you how many parts the whole is divided into, and the top part (the numerator) telling how many you have.
quotient
from quot-, "how many". The result of a division problem. 63 ÷ 9 = 7
place value
The value of where the digit is in the number, such as units, tens, hundreds, etc.
estimate
It is when you give a value that is closest to the original value.
polygon
A closed plane figure that is formed by three or more segments called sides. Each side intersects exactly two other sides at a vertex.
relatively prime
When the common factor for any two numbers is 1; an example is when I am simplifying fractions.
GCF
The largest factor shared by a set of numbers.
equivalent fractions
Fractions that have the same value but different numerators & denominators.
multiple
The product of a whole number and any nonzero whole numbe. Example: ________ of 4: 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28...
LCM
This is the smallest common multiple of two or more nonzero whole numbers.
mixed number
A number that is made up of a whole number and a fractional part.
improper fraction
A fraction whose numerator is larger than or equal to the denominator.
terminating decimal
A decimal that ends. Example, 0.4
repeating decimal
A decimal whose numeral goes on forever. Example, 0.3333333333333333333......

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