Teas 6 Reading- Key Idea and Details
Terms in this set (36)
A noun or noun phrase that encapsulates the subject matter of writing.
-Examples: arteries, acid, alleles mammals or recycling
How to identify purpose of the reading
Asking "What am I reading about?" And "What is important to know about it?"
include key details, or supporting details that systematically show and support the point the author is trying to make
-Once topic is identified, you should be able to identify and rephrase key ideas/points.
Key Ideas definition
Ideas that support the controlling idea.
-Once hints in details are found, you should be able to synthesize the key ideas/points to rephrase ideas.
: Analyze (break down) the key ideas.
Second Step (final)
: Rephrase key ideas to understand the main idea. Evaluate the similarities and differences.
Structure for Conclusion
key terms and descriptions
providing structure for common understanding.
-Ask "What can I infer based on what I've just read?"
How reader uses the text
Must observe facts, delineate arguments and discern valid information provided. Then must combine what the author has provided with individual experiences to draw inference from the selection.
A deduction made by the reader about an unstated outcome from a reading passage. Asks the reader to analyze and make a decision based on predictions, details, evidence, and results.
"Reading between the lines"
of what is stated. Otherwise, applying logic to facts and evidence coupled with recognizing the context clues provided. Suggests an idea by details and evidence in passage.
Key terms include what?
provide sequence or chronology, descriptive words and phrases, and words that convey value judgements and opinion
-Can provide explicit information and implicit information that allow the reader to make inference.
Explicit information definition
Implicit information defintion
Something not clearly stated
What to identify to delineate key points that support the topic?
Identify the topic and authors main idea
What to demonstrate
Comprehension of a text by explaining how supporting details clarify the main idea.
-Ask "What's the topic and what's the authors main idea about the topic?" Then examine supporting details and how they relate to the main idea.
Ability to understand
Proof to support idea
How to identify main idea
Read that passage then locate the sentences that emphasize, elaborate, or clarify this information.
Topic answers what questions?
"Who or what is the paragraph about?"
Location of topic
Should appear near the beginning of the paragraph and include main idea.
-Topic must not be too specific or too general.
Identify supporting or key ideas
Ask the topic sentence:
Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How?
What else is important for key ideas?
Discerning between relevant and irrelevant ideas
Relevant ideas defintion
Connected to the idea being discussed
Relate back to topic sentence.
Irrelevant ideas defintion
Not applicable to the idea
Unrelated, and some times random.
Can be found in an text, like recipes and manuals.
Sequential information offers readers the ability to safely, effectively, and efficiently, complete activities.
-Process of writing, editing, and revising.
Language features and Structure
Includes: signal words, words that assist the reader in recognizing the relationship among steps, and simple, objective language.
: Impartial, non-judgmental, not-personal, and non-emotional.
-Once reader has identified all features of procedure.
Very specific, using language that tells how to accomplish the steps.
Common Types of Procedural Text
Include: Steps in an activity and steps in operating a system or object.
Highest Occurring Components of Procedural Writing are?
Headings/subheadings, numbering/alphabetizing, steps, charts, diagrams, and photographs for step clarification.
Include: Memos, announcements, advertisements.
-Join people together that have common interests and share information amongst those that desire further detail.
Printed Public Announcement
Inform public about organizations, upcoming events, and services.
-Message is short, design is simple and eye-pleasing, and information is easily accessible.
-Content should include:
Link to information access, information about supporting organization, and supporting details
(In images and short phrases, if possible)
Printed Advertisment selling of soliciting something.
-Generally short, detailed text offering items and services.
-Example: Print/Online newspapers, magazines, blogs and forums.
Website that is usually informal and independently run.
Online message board.
Included in Advertisement:
: Headline that engages the reader, item or service offered, a call to action (phone number, email, address)
Allows readers to comprehend important verbal and written ideas in accessible form.
- Most include
titles and subheads
that summarize complex information.
Common features: titles, subheads, keys/legends, and scales.
-Also, assist readers in selecting important information that might otherwise be missing by portraying the key parts that make up a whole.
Include- Bar, pie, and flow charts, graphs, maps, and illustrations.
Features of Graphic Representation
Maps: titles, legends, and scales.
Articulate the purpose of the map.
Clarifies what the symbols, colors, and shapes represent.
The distance between points.
Recognizing Events in a Sequence
-Powerful benefits like remembering information, understanding text, and analyzing information.
-Know the different between Sequential and Chronological
A fixed order in which there is a legend pattern.
~Example: Pages in a Book
: first, then, second, at the beginning, finally, now, prior to, next, while, when, afterward, last, before, after, subsequently.
In an order in which
requires a time element
. When one even occurs and ends then when another even begins.
today, yesterday, later, now, last year
always, rarely, often, never, seldom
Length of Time:
all year, all season, all day, since, one day.
Assists readers with keeping track of occasions in narrative and informational text. Without a time frame then the reader will get confused.
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