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5th grade History Ch. 3
Terms in this set (42)
Know the highlighted map locations on p 314-315
know the highlighted map locations on p 24
What continents come together in the Middle East?
Africa, Asia, Europe
On what peninsula did Bedouin families live?
What are Bedouins?
Arabs who wander from place to place with their herds of camels, sheep, and goats
What are nomads?
people who constantly move from one place to another
What are millstones?
two flat stones, one on top of the other, used to grind grain into flour
What did the people in the Middle East do in the hottest part of the day?
took a break from their work and rested
What is papyrus?
a paper like material made from the papyrus plant
What is murex?
a kind of sea snail that was plentiful along the Phoenician coast
From what is murex made?
a beautiful purple dye
What was the most important trading post the Phoenicians had?
Where was this trading post located?
What was the Phoenicians' most valuable contribution to the world?
They developed an alphabet
What people were remembered as being great empire builders?
What is an emperor?
The powerful ruler who controls an empire
What is a caravan?
people traveling in groups with their pack animals
What does it mean to barter?
trading by giving some of its own goods for the goods that it needed
What country made the world's first coins?
Name two reasons coins were better than bars.
They were easier to handle than bars, and a dishonest person would have a harder time cutting a piece of metal from a coin than from a bar.
Who was Croesus?
The last king of Lydia who raised his country to the peak of power
What saying became famous in many lands concerning Croesus?
"as rich as Croesus" because he was so wealthy
Name the longest and most important river in Israel.
The Jordan River
Name the lowest place on the Earth's land surface.
the Dead Sea
What do we call God's basic rules for right and wrong?
The Ten Commandments
Who was Baal?
The most well known of the Canaanite gods, considered the god of war and storms
Why did the Canaanites not leave any important deed to be written down in history?
They were so involved in their wicked practices that they had no time for great accomplishments
What city was conquered with just trumpets and shouts?
Who did God want the Israelites to honor as their true King?
Who did God put in place to lead Israel?
Why did the Israelites want a human king?
They looked around and saw that the other nations had earthly kings and they wanted one too
Who were Israel's first three kings?
Saul, David, and Solomon
Which king built the temple at Jerusalem?
How was Israel split and what were the kingdoms called?
It was split into two kingdoms: the Northern Kingdom, made up of ten tribes, was still called Israel and the Southern Kingdom, where Jerusalem was located, was called Judah.
Who conquered the ten tribes of the Northern Kingdom and what happened to them?
The Assyrians conquered them and they carried the ten tribes away to scattered parts of the empire, and the northern tribes never returned to their land.
How did God warn Nineveh of His coming judgment?
He sent Jonah to warn the wicked city of Nineveh that He was going to judge them.
Know about the Code of Hammurabi.
Nearly 300 laws that governed the everyday life of the Babylonians including marriage, business, and farming.
Know about the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
One of the seven wonders of the ancient world, they were built by Nebuchadnezzar for his wife to remind her of her old home. They are high, terraced gardens planted on a square resting 75 feet above the ground on pillars. To people standing on the street it looked as if the gardens were hanging in the air.
Know about how Daniel (from the Bible) ended up in Babylon.
Nebuchadnezzar used the Chaldean army to capture Jerusalem and destroy it. The Jews were brought to Babylon as prisoners. The king demanded that the best young men be brought to his palace. This included Daniel.
Which Persian Emperor showed wisdom in the way he treated his conquered people?
Cyrus the Great
Know about how the Jews were allowed to return to Jerusalem.
Shortly after Cyrus became king of Persia, the Lord placed in his heart the desire to let the captive Jews return to Jerusalem and help them rebuild their temple.
Who eventually conquered the Persians ending the Persian Empire?
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