Chapter 7 APES Vocab
The Human Population
Terms in this set (22)
The study of human populations and population trends.
A scientist in the field of demography
A country with a relatively high level of industrialization and income.
A country with a relatively low level of industrialization and income.
The movement of people into a country or region, having come from another country or region.
The movement of people out of a country or region, to settle in another country or region.
Crude Birth Rate
The number of births per 1000 individuals per year.
Crude Death Rate
The number of deaths per 1000 individuals per year.
Total fertility Rate
An estimate of the average number of children that each woman in a population will bear throughout her childbearing years.
Replacement Level Fertility
The total fertility rate required to offset the average number of deaths in a population in order to maintain the current population size.
The average number of years that an infant born in a particular year in a particular country can expect to live, given the current average life span and death rate in that country.
The number of deaths of children under 1 year of age per 1000 live births
The number of deaths of children under age 5 per 1000 live births.
Age Structure Diagram
A diagram that shows the number of individuals within each age category, typically expressed for males and females separately
An age structure diagram that is widest at the bottom and smallest at the top, typical of developing countries.
Continued population growth that does not slow down in response to growth reduction measures.
Theory of Demographic Transition
The theory that as a country moves from a subsistence economy to industrialization and increased affluence it undergoes a predictable shift in population growth.
The practice of regulating the number or spacing of offspring through the use of birth control.
The state of having plentiful wealth; the possession of money, goods, or property
impact=population x affluence x technology
An area that contains more than 385 people per square kilometer.
Gross Domestic Product
A measure of the value of all products and services produced in a country in a year.