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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Chapter 12 Key Terms and People
Terms in this set (28)
1865 - Agency set up to aid former slaves in adjusting themselves to freedom. It furnished food and clothing to needy blacks and helped them get jobs
Ten Percent Plan
Lincoln's plan that allowed a Southern state to form its own government afetr ten percent of its voters swore an oath of loyalty to the United States
Man behind the 14th Amendment, which ends slavery. Stevens and President Johnson were absolutely opposed to each other. Known as a Radical Republican
an 1864 plan for Reconstruction that denied the right to vote or hold office for anyone who had fought for the Confederacy...Lincoln refused to sign this bill thinking it was too harsh.
indirect veto of legislation by refusing to sign it
John Wilkes Booth
United States actor and assassin of President Lincoln (1838-1865)
17th President of the United States
Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves
Ku Klux Klan
a secret society of white Southerners in the United States
Political party that favored harsh punishment of Southern states after civil war
Civil Rights Act
This secured the rights of freedmen., it gave citizenship to African- Americans
constitutional ammendment ratified in 1868 to guarantee citizens equal protection under the law
1867 - Pushed through congress over Johnson's veto, it gave radical Republicans complete military control over the South and divided the South into five military zones, each headed by a general with absolute power over his district.
a formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
Gave African American Men the right to vote
white Southerner supporting Reconstruction policies after the Civil War usually for self-interest
Northerners who went to the South during Reconstruction. They carried their belongings in carpetbags, and most intended to settle in the South and make money there. Part of the radical government, they passed much needed reforms.
Black Mississippi senator elected to the seat that had been occupied by Jefferson Davis when the South seceded
Southern Homestead Act
This act attempted to solve this by selling land at low prices so that southerners could buy it. Many people, however, could still not participate because the low prices were still too high. Eventually repealed.
system in which landowners leased a few acres of land to farmworkers in return for a portion of their crops
system of farming where farmers rented their land from the landowner, and were allowed to grow what ever crop the prefered.
Three acts passed by Congress allowing the government to use military force to stop violence against southern African Americans.
Party formed in 1872 (split from the ranks of the Republican Party) which argued that the Reconstruction task was complete and should be set aside. Significantly dampered further Reconstructionist efforts.
Largely former slave owners who were the bitterest opponents of the Republican program in the South. Staged a major counterrevolution to "redeem" the south by taking back southern state governments. Their foundation rested on the idea of racism and white supremacy. Redeemer governments waged and agressive assault on African Americans.
Rutherford B. Hayes
19th president of the united states, was famous for being part of the Hayes-Tilden election in which electoral votes were contested in 4 states, most corrupt election in US history
Compromise of 1877
Ended Reconstruction. Republicans promise 1) Remove military from South, 2) Appoint Democrat to cabinet (David Key postmaster general), 3) Federal money for railroad construction and levees on Mississippi river
The term has been used with different applications in mind. The original use of the term "New South" was an attempt to describe the rise of a South after the Civil War which would no longer be dependent on now-outlawed slave labor or predominantly upon the raising of cotton, but rather a South which was also industrialized and part of a modern national economy
Term applied to the one-party (Democrat) system of the South following the Civil War. For 100 years after the Civil War, the South voted Democrat in every presidential election.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 10 Key Terms and People
Chapter 11 Key Terms and People
Chapter 13 Key Terms and People
Chapter 14 Key Terms and People
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