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Chapter 13 - Voting and Elections

STUDY
PLAY
Authoritarian system
all power is held by few, like dictatorship
Ballot Measure
an election option such as the initiative or referendum that enables voters to enact public policy
Closed Primary
a primary in which only registered members of a particular political party can vote
Conventional Political Participation
political participation that attempts to influence the political process through well-accepted, often moderate forms of persuasion
Crossover Voting
Voting by a member of one party for a candidate of another party
Elector
member of a party chosen in each state to formally elect the president and vice president
Electoral College
a group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
Electorate
all of the people entitled to vote in a given election
Front-loading
the recent tendency of states to hold primaries early in the calendar in order to capitalize on media attention
General Election
Election in which voters choose their leaders for elected offices
Gerrymandering
the drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a party, group, or incumbent
Incumbancy
the increasing probability to be re-elected to office
Initiative
the first of a series of actions
Mandate
the commission that is given to a government and its policies through an electoral victory
Midterm Election
Election held midway between presidential elections.
Open Primary
a primary in which any registered voter can vote (but must vote for candidates of only one party)
Primary Election
a preliminary election where delegates or nominees are chosen
Prospective judgement
a voter's evaluation of a candidate based on what he or she pledges to do about an issue if elected
Raiding
characterized by plundering or pillaging or marauding
Reapportionment
a new apportionment (especially a reallotment of congressional seats in the United States on the basis of census results)
Recall
the act of removing an official by petition
Redistricting
The redrawing of congressional and other legislative district lines following the census, to accommodate population shifts and keep districts as equal as possible in population.
Referendum
a legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate
Regional Primary
system where the country would be divided into several regions and hold their primaries on the same day
Retrospective Judgement
a voter's evaluation of the performance of the party in power
Runoff Primary
When no candidate receives a majority of votes, an election held betweent eh two candidates who received the most votes in the primary
Superdelegate
delegate slot to the Democratic Party's national convention that is reserved for an elected party official
Turnout
attendance for a particular event or purpose (as to vote in an election)
Unconventional Political Participation
political participation that attempts to influence the political process through unusual or extreme measures, such as protests, boycotts, and picketing
Unit Rule
a traditional party practice under which the majority of a state delegation can force the minority to vote for its candidate