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Chapter 2 Section 2 Properties of Matter
Terms in this set (28)
a characteristic that can be observed without changing the identity of the substance
color, shape, and size
List 3 properties of objects that you can observe in a picture.
In general, the properties of an object are determined by the properties of the ____ the object is made of.
Many of the physical properties of materials that make up objects can be ____. These properties include strength, hardness, magnetism, and the ability to conduct heat and electricity.
No matter how large or small a sample of the material is, the particular property is always the ____.
material it is made of
What determines the properties of an object?
masses and volumes
Two objects make of the same material may have different ___ and ___.
the physical form of a substance
solid, liquid, and gas
3 common states of matter
the temperature at which a substance changes from a solid to a liquid
mass and volume
Give two physical properties of an object that depend on the amount of material you have.
the temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to a gas
This physical property of a substance does not depend on how much of the substance you have.
grams per cubic centimeter
The density of a liquid or solid is usually expressed in (g/cm3)
density = (formula)
A 1 kg mass of water has a density of 1 g/cm3. What is the density of a 10 kg mass of water?
Rearrange the density equation to show how to find the mass of a substance if you know the volume and density.
A piece of metal has a density of 11.3 g/cm3 and a volume of 6.7 cm3. What is the mass of the piece of metal?
Would aluminum be as useful as a food wrapping if it had a much lower melting point?
describes how a substance changes into a new substance
not as easy
In general, chemical properties are ____ to observe as physical properties.
the ability to burn
A substance that does not burn has the chemical property of ____.
combining and burning
Give two ways that a substance can change into a new substance.
It still has the ability to burn
How does wood that is not burning differ from a nonflammable material?
The ability of a substance to react with another substance
In nature, what kind of elements are likely to be found as compounds?
Which of the following reacts most easily with oxygen - iron, paint, or chromium?
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