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a poem in which the successive units begin with the consecutive letters of the Hebrew alphabet
a work of literature in which some or all of the details have a corresponding other meaning and refer to either concept or historical particular
a literary protagonist who exhibits an absence of the character traits that are conventionally associated with literary heroes
a work of literature, or part of a work of literature, that presents unideal experience; a literary world of total bondage and the absence of the ideal
a two-line poetic unit in which the second line states the truth of the first in the opposite way or introduces a contrast
a figure of speech in which the writer addresses someone absent or something nonhuman as if it were present or human and could respond to the address
an image, plot motif, or character type that recurs throughout literature and is part of a reader's total literary experience
a love poem that praises the attractive features and/or virtues of the beloved by means of a catalogue or listing technique
in the Gospels, stories in which Jesus calls a person to follow him or to respond to a command. Also called "vocation stories"
a form of parallelism in which the first line is left incomplete until the second line repeats part of it and then makes it a whole statement by adding to it
a story with a U-shaped plot in which the action begins in prosperity, descends into potentially tragic events, and rise to a happy ending
Gospel stories that narrate Jesus' controversies with an opposing person or group. Also called "controversy stories"
a situation where the reader knows something of which some or all the characters in a story are ignorant
a love poem that lists the features of the beloved and compares them to objects or emblems in nature or human experience
a literary work in which a single speaker addresses an implied but silent listener and in which various details keep this dramatic situation alive in the reader's consciousness
Gospel stories in which a person is confronted with the claims of Jesus, which that person must either accept or reject
an exalted title for a person or thing; a feature of the high style, especially as found in epic
the literary term for close reading of at text. It implies not only careful analysis of a text but also putting one's analysis into the organized form for written or oral presentation to an audience
the opening phase of a story in which the writer presents the background information that the reader needs in order to understand the plot that will subsequently unfold
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