21 terms

Words of Delight Vocabulary Part II

Glossary from Leland Ryken's book; F - N
something within a work of literature that heightens or sets off a main element in the work. A foil is usually a contrast (either a character, event, or image), but sometimes it is parallel.
folk literature
literature couched in the language of everyday speech and appealing to the common person (also called popular literature)
a literary type or kind
a protagonist who is exemplary and representative of a whole community
hero story
a story built around the character and exploits of a protagonist who is exemplary and representative of a whole community (also called heroic narrative)
hybrid forms
Gospel stories that combine elements of one or more genres
a figure of speech in which a writer uses conscious exaggeration for the sake of effect, usually emotional effect
any concrete picture of reality or human experience, including any sensory experience, a setting, a character, or an event
the human capacity for image-making and image-perceiving
a situation in which the full meaning of a text depends on its interaction with another text (also called intertextual reading)
an incongruity or discrepancy. There are three main types of literary irony: dramatic, verbal, and situational.
verbal irony
when a writer states something but means exactly the opposite
situational irony
when a situation is the opposite of what is expected or appropriate
a short poem containing the thoughts or feelings of a speaker. The emotional quality, even more than the reflective is usually considered the differentia of lyric
a figure of speech in which the writer makes an implied comparison between two phenomena
miracle stories
Gospel narratives that focus on miracles that Jesus performed
the generalized, composite story that encompasses the whole body of literature in a single circular story
a discernible pattern composed of individual units, either in a single work or in literature generally. Roughly synonymous with "pattern".
a story; a series of events
the character or "voice" of the writer as it exists in a work of literature
normative character
a character in a story who expresses or embodies what the storyteller wishes us to understand is correct