How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

21 terms

Words of Delight Vocabulary Part II

Glossary from Leland Ryken's book; F - N
STUDY
PLAY
foil
something within a work of literature that heightens or sets off a main element in the work. A foil is usually a contrast (either a character, event, or image), but sometimes it is parallel.
folk literature
literature couched in the language of everyday speech and appealing to the common person (also called popular literature)
genre
a literary type or kind
hero
a protagonist who is exemplary and representative of a whole community
hero story
a story built around the character and exploits of a protagonist who is exemplary and representative of a whole community (also called heroic narrative)
hybrid forms
Gospel stories that combine elements of one or more genres
hyperbole
a figure of speech in which a writer uses conscious exaggeration for the sake of effect, usually emotional effect
image
any concrete picture of reality or human experience, including any sensory experience, a setting, a character, or an event
imagination
the human capacity for image-making and image-perceiving
intertext
a situation in which the full meaning of a text depends on its interaction with another text (also called intertextual reading)
irony
an incongruity or discrepancy. There are three main types of literary irony: dramatic, verbal, and situational.
verbal irony
when a writer states something but means exactly the opposite
situational irony
when a situation is the opposite of what is expected or appropriate
lyric
a short poem containing the thoughts or feelings of a speaker. The emotional quality, even more than the reflective is usually considered the differentia of lyric
metaphor
a figure of speech in which the writer makes an implied comparison between two phenomena
miracle stories
Gospel narratives that focus on miracles that Jesus performed
monomyth
the generalized, composite story that encompasses the whole body of literature in a single circular story
motif
a discernible pattern composed of individual units, either in a single work or in literature generally. Roughly synonymous with "pattern".
narrative
a story; a series of events
narrator
the character or "voice" of the writer as it exists in a work of literature
normative character
a character in a story who expresses or embodies what the storyteller wishes us to understand is correct