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GP1 World History
Terms in this set (25)
what is Out of Africa Theory?
how/when humans BEGAN moving around the globe
How did Paleolithic people shape/alter their environment?
used stone tools
explain hunter/gatherer communities in Paleolithic Age?
How did the last Ice Age help travel?
created ice bridges which increased human migration
Explain the Neolithic Revolution?
lifestyle change from Hunter/Gatherer to Agriculture
- led to Permanent Settlements
- led to Social Classes
- led to Civilizations
- started breeding animals instead of hunting them
- started farming instead of gathering
what were the first crops to be domesticated?
= a lifestyle that depends on large herds/groups of small and large animals (chickens and cows)
when Males are superior to Females
why did Patriarchy develop?
- development of wealth, lasting settlements, and governments contributed to Patriarchy
where did many of the First Civilization develop?
= Fertile Crescent Area between the Tigres and Euphrates Rivers
list the First Civilizations?
six characterizations of civilizations?
- urban focus: cities are important
- distinct religious structure: gods, priests
- political and military structures: bureaucracy, armies
- social structure is based on economic power
- use Writing for record keeping
- artistic and intellectual activities
what is development of writing?
- Sumerians created Cuneiform in 3000 BC
- started in city of Uruk
- Scribes became important in society: Scribal schools
- "wedge-shaped" system of writing
- clay tablets
- mostly for record-keeping and to pass along knowledge
Code of Hammurabi?
- Babylonian Empire set of laws based on strict justice
- severe punishments
***MAIN PRINCIPLE: "eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth"
- most laws focused on marriage and family
- worship only One god
= Persian religion: monotheistic (like Judaism)
- Zoroaster: prophet of "true religion"
- sacred book: Zend Avesta
- Ahuramazda ("Wise Lord") = supreme god created all things
- free to choose between right and wrong
= Jewish religion: monotheistic (like Zoroastrianism)
- God of Israel = Creator of all things
- Torah = foundation of religion, included Ten Commandments
- many prophets, all have access to scripture
what caused "intensification of social heirarchies"?
Epic of Gilgamesh?
= one of the earliest known poems
- about a King Gilgamesh, part man part god
- friends with hairy beast Enkidu: they do great deeds
- Enkidu dies, King is sad and looks for secret of immortality
- never finds secret and stays mortal
- moral of story: "everlasting life" is only for the gods
Indus Valley civilization?
= over 1000 settlements in valleys of Indus River in India
- 3000 BC to 1500 BC
- included large, well-organized, advanced cities
- governed by religion
- ending is a mystery
= belief that things in nature have souls/spirits (animals, plants, even rocks)
- example: Native Americans believe in animism
how did environment influence Mesopotamia culture?
how did environment influence Egypt culture?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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